ergogenic aid

(redirected from Ergogenic aids)

ergogenic aid

a substance, such as a steroid, used by athletes with the expectation that it will provide a competitive edge.

ergogenic aid

A popular term for any device intended to enhance athletic performance, which can be conceptually divided into mechanical, physiological and mental factors.

Ergogenic aids
• Mechanical—Reduced friction, improved aerodynamics, lighter weight, better wicking of perspiration, composite materials that provide better resiliency, etc.
  — Fabrics
  — Equipment
• Physiology
  — Bicarbonates
  — Carbohydrates
  — Phosphates
  — Nutritional supplements
  — Pharmacologic aids
• Mental
  — Counselling
  — Psychological support
  — Personal support (family and friends)

er·go·gen·ic aid

(ĕr'gō-jen'ik ād)
Ergogenic aids have been classified as nutritional, pharmacologic, physiologic, or psychological; methods to enhance athletic performance range from use of accepted techniques such as carbohydrate loading to illegal and unsafe approaches such as use of anabolic-androgenic steroids.

ergogenic aid

In sports medicine, the questionable and often harmful use of various substances to try to enhance performance. Some of these materials, e.g., blood transfusions, anabolic steroids, amphetamines, amino acids, and human growth hormone, are standard medicines approved for uses other than those intended by the athlete. Others are not only not indicated for any illness but may be harmful, esp. when the amount of the active ingredient in the product is unknown. Included in this latter group are cyproheptadine, taken to increase appetite, strength, and, allegedly, testosterone production; ginseng; pangamic acid; octacosanol, a 28-carbon straight-chain alcohol obtained from wheat germ oil, the biological effects of which are unknown; guarana, prepared from the seeds of the Paulliania cupana tree, used for its alleged ability to increase energy; gamma-oryzanol, an isomer of oryzanol extracted from rice bran oil, allegedly useful in decreasing recovery time after exercise; proteolytic enzymes, e.g., chymotrypsin, trypsin-chymotrypsin, and papain, the safety and efficacy of which have not been established, esp. when used with oral anticoagulants or by pregnant or lactating women; and bee pollen, which has shown no evidence of improving athletic performance.
See: anabolic agent; blood doping
See also: aid
References in periodicals archive ?
Dietary Supplements for Exercise and Athletic Performance, covers products -- sometimes called ergogenic aids -- that claim to improve strength or endurance, increase exercise efficiency, achieve a performance goal more quickly, and increase tolerance for more intense training.
5%, and that slower runners showed a stronger placebo effect after ingesting purported nutritional ergogenic aids.
The results showed that 65,9% from no users ASA say to know and 96% users to know other users and the consumption of ergogenic aids are very important.
The use of supplements as ergogenic aids is common among endurance athletes.
18,19) NS can be grouped into four basic categories: sport foods, dietary supplements, ergogenic aids and herbs/traditional products.
Subjects were also required to have been free from any nutritional supplements or ergogenic aids for 6 weeks preceding the study and were asked to refrain from taking any additional supplements during the course of the study.
It explains the scientific foundations of exercise and sport, covering body systems, muscle, metabolism, the health benefits of physical activity, aerobic exercise prescriptions, muscle strength and resistance training, flexibility, sprinting and speed training, neuromuscular fatigue, nutrition, ergogenic aids, the role of environment, growth and development, and aging.
The subjects were instructed not to consume any ergogenic aids and to maintain their usual daily activities throughout the study period.
com)-- Sports supplements, sometimes also known as ergogenic aids, are products which are consumed by the athletic centric consumers to enhance their athletic performance.