ergogenic aid


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Related to ergogenic aid: ergolytic

ergogenic aid

A popular term for any device intended to enhance athletic performance, which can be conceptually divided into mechanical, physiological and mental factors.

Ergogenic aids
• Mechanical—Reduced friction, improved aerodynamics, lighter weight, better wicking of perspiration, composite materials that provide better resiliency, etc.
  — Fabrics
  — Equipment
• Physiology
  — Bicarbonates
  — Carbohydrates
  — Phosphates
  — Nutritional supplements
  — Pharmacologic aids
• Mental
  — Counselling
  — Psychological support
  — Personal support (family and friends)
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

er·go·gen·ic aid

(ĕr'gō-jen'ik ād)
Ergogenic aids have been classified as nutritional, pharmacologic, physiologic, or psychological; methods to enhance athletic performance range from use of accepted techniques such as carbohydrate loading to illegal and unsafe approaches such as use of anabolic-androgenic steroids.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

ergogenic aid

In sports medicine, the questionable and often harmful use of various substances to try to enhance performance. Some of these materials, e.g., blood transfusions, anabolic steroids, amphetamines, amino acids, and human growth hormone, are standard medicines approved for uses other than those intended by the athlete. Others are not only not indicated for any illness but may be harmful, esp. when the amount of the active ingredient in the product is unknown. Included in this latter group are cyproheptadine, taken to increase appetite, strength, and, allegedly, testosterone production; ginseng; pangamic acid; octacosanol, a 28-carbon straight-chain alcohol obtained from wheat germ oil, the biological effects of which are unknown; guarana, prepared from the seeds of the Paulliania cupana tree, used for its alleged ability to increase energy; gamma-oryzanol, an isomer of oryzanol extracted from rice bran oil, allegedly useful in decreasing recovery time after exercise; proteolytic enzymes, e.g., chymotrypsin, trypsin-chymotrypsin, and papain, the safety and efficacy of which have not been established, esp. when used with oral anticoagulants or by pregnant or lactating women; and bee pollen, which has shown no evidence of improving athletic performance.
See: anabolic agent; blood doping
See also: aid
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
(2,37) The interest in creatine as an ergogenic aid revolves around its ability to participate as an energy substrate for muscle contraction.
Conversely, Wadler and Hainline (1989) have suggested that athletes maybe more likely to experiment with recreational and ergogenic aids than individuals not participating in athletics.
This does not necessary mean ergogenic aids as defined by the International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) below (Table 2, p.
Nutritional ergogenic aids are substances which enhance the athletic performance by influencing physiological as well as psychological process.
The role of glutamine as an ergogenic aid has not been demonstrated in the scientific literature.
Use of oral creatine as an ergogenic aid for increase sports performance: perceptions of adolescent athletes South Med J 2001; 94(6):608-12
The highly individual variations in the caffeine metabolism response and the lack of sufficient evidence regarding caffeine as an ergogenic aid potentially attributable to testing of untrained subjects and habitual versus non-habitual caffeine users formed the basis of this research.
(17) and the present study suggested that honey may serve as an ergogenic aid for athletes who train and complete either in thermoneutral or hot environments.
According to the International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN), the definition of an ergogenic aid "Is any training technique, mechanical device, nutritional practice, pharmacological method, or psychological technique that can improve exercise performance capacity and/or enhance training adaptations." (1) By this definition, anything that allows an athlete to stay consistent and efficient with exercise, training, and performance is an ergogenic aid.
Although it is clear that supplementation raises intramuscular creatine stores,[5] it remains unclear how effective creatine is as an ergogenic aid. Generally, it is felt that creatine supplementation may be useful for repeated bouts of high-intensity short-duration exercise.[6] Claims of increased strength and muscle mass have not, however, been unequivocally proven.
Caffeine is a popular ergogenic aid among athletes, with investigations into its effect on swimming performance dating back to the 1970's (Makoc and Vorel, 1974).