(redirected from Erasmus Darwin)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Erasmus Darwin: Charles Lyell


(där′wĭn), Charles Robert 1809-1882.
British naturalist who revolutionized the study of biology with his theory of evolution based on natural selection. His most famous works include Origin of Species (1859) and The Descent of Man (1871).
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
John Ray, Erasmus Darwin, Robert Chambers, Shailer Mathews, Andrew Dickson White ...
The disciplinary panel said that while he was teaching at the Erasmus Darwin Academy he had become "friends" and communicated with one or more of his expupils who still attended the Worcester school via Facebook.
Sam George, "Carl Linnaeus, Erasmus Darwin, and Anna Seward: Botanical Poetry and Female Education," Science and Education 23.
Erasmus Darwin, whose work was familiar to both Mary Shelley (Seligo 79) and Samuel Taylor Coleridge (Fulford 127), continued with this metaphor in his Loves of Plants (Part II of The Botanic Garden).
It read: "We have to announce with great regret that Lieut Erasmus Darwin, Secretary of Bolckow, Vaughan and Company, Middlesbrough, has been killed.
Erasmus Darwin, physician, botanist, philosopher, inventor, and poet, was one of the outstanding intellectuals of eighteenth-century England in an era noted for men of intellectual brilliance.
Soho House was also the meeting place of the Lunar Society, whose members included James Watt, Josiah Wedgwood, Erasmus Darwin and Joseph Priestley.
On the other hand, his paternal grandfather, Erasmus Darwin, a doctor and radical freethinker, rejected the Bible and Jesus, claiming that "no particular providence is necessary to roll the Planet round the Sun." Erasmus had been influenced by Joseph Priestley, one of the most famous English Unitarians.
Erasmus Darwin was a founding member of the Lunar Society of Birmingham, the members of which were referred to as "Lunaticks." He is here described as a polymath, an 18th-century "natural philosopher" who was a physician, scientist (with interests in botany, zoology, meteorology, chemistry, among others), inventor; and poet who also advanced quite profound evolutionary ideas two generations prior to those of his grandson, Charles Robert Darwin.
Charles Darwin's grandfather, the medical doctor Erasmus Darwin, published a theory of evolution in the 1790's.
By the late 1750s he had befriended Erasmus Darwin FRS at Lichfield and Matthew Boulton in Birmingham, and by 1764 they had formed the nucleus of the Lunar Society - so called because it met on nights when there was a full moon providing most light to travel home by.
Christopher Wren, Robert Boyle, Sir Isaac Newton, Sir David Attenborough, Richard Dawkins, Dr Erasmus Darwin, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Michael Faraday, Stephen Hawking and Magdi Yacoub - all these scientific heroes of mine are past or present members.