Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


(ĕr′ə-sĭs′trə-təs) fl. c. 250 bc.
Greek physician and anatomist. Through observation and dissection he advanced the understanding of the brain, heart, and motor and sensory nerves.
References in periodicals archive ?
Asclepiades (120-90 BCE), Diocles (fourth century BCE), and Erasistratus (260-240 BCE) are known physicians of antiquity.
The Ayur-Veda citation above refers to shivering and pallor, and Trovillo (1939) explains how the Greek physician Erasistratus (300-250 B.
The first recorded dissection of human body occurred in 3rd century BC by greek physicians Herophilus and Erasistratus in Alexandria Egypt.
A partir del estudio de las eindicaciones de los cambios de la condicion del cuerpo humanoE, es constitutivo de una de las tres ramas de la medicina griega que estudiaron el fisiologo alejandrino Erasistratus, el anatomista Herophilus y el epicureo Asclepiades de Bitinia: oLos sintomas fueron los primeros signos examinados por los practicantes de la medicina del mundo antiguo; su estudio condujo a la fundacion de la semiotica como una rama de la ciencia medicao (p.
This paper argues that the Alexandrian physicians Erasistratus of Iulis and Herophilus of Chalcedon adopted an Aristotelian analysis of the composition of organic bodies into three levels, namely, elements, uniform parts, and nonuniform parts.
It wasn't until the early 1600s that William Harvey overturned the pneumatic theory of blood proposed by Erasistratus around 250 B.
One inclining to epilepsy should be made to fast without mercy and be put on short rations," Erasistratus, a court physician to the ruler of Syria in the third century B.
The professor and student relationship was increasingly preferred from the Early Hellenistic period onward because of the teaching techniques undertaken by the likes of Erasistratus and Herophilus.
It was here that the practice of human dissection began: The physicians Herophilus and Erasistratus performed systematic dissections of the human body, observed many complex anatomical features, and developed a sophisticated theory of human physiology.
At the onset of the Hellenistic era (late 4th century BC), the cardiocentric consensus (heart as control centre) gradually receded, as influential Alexandrians such as Herophilus and Erasistratus brought evidence of an encephalocentric hegemonikon.
Herophilus of Alexandria and Erasistratus, his student, are the first to rely on dissection, in 300 BC.
Further, Erasistratus, known as the father of physiology, is credited with one of the first in-depth descriptions of the cerebrum and cerebellum [26].