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(ĕr′ə-sĭs′trə-təs) fl. c. 250 bc.
Greek physician and anatomist. Through observation and dissection he advanced the understanding of the brain, heart, and motor and sensory nerves.
References in periodicals archive ?
It wasn't until the early 1600s that William Harvey overturned the pneumatic theory of blood proposed by Erasistratus around 250 B.
One inclining to epilepsy should be made to fast without mercy and be put on short rations," Erasistratus, a court physician to the ruler of Syria in the third century B.
At the onset of the Hellenistic era (late 4th century BC), the cardiocentric consensus (heart as control centre) gradually receded, as influential Alexandrians such as Herophilus and Erasistratus brought evidence of an encephalocentric hegemonikon.
Herophilus of Alexandria and Erasistratus, his student, are the first to rely on dissection, in 300 BC.
Herophilus, one of the great Greek physicians, along with Erasistratus, provided a beginning for anatomical pathology and autopsy (1).
The resident scholars and those affiliated by correspondence (Archimedes) or as legatees (Galen and Ptolemy) were the originators of axiomatic geometry and what we now refer to as protoscience: for example, Euclid, Herophilus, Erasistratus, Apollonius, Heraclides, Hipparchus, and Aristarchus.
In 200 BC, Erasistratus was probably the first to carry out dissections to look for changes due to disease.
Case 33 of the Edwin Smith papyrus strongly suggests an autopsy, but after this all is silence until Herophilus and Erasistratus emerge in Ptolemaic times.