Erasistratus

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Er·a·sis·tra·tus

(ĕr′ə-sĭs′trə-təs) fl. c. 250 bc.
Greek physician and anatomist. Through observation and dissection he advanced the understanding of the brain, heart, and motor and sensory nerves.
References in periodicals archive ?
Assim, Louis Gernet (Antiphon, Discours, Paris, CUF, 1923), por um lado, editou os "discursos sobre assassinatos": acusacao contra a madrasta de assassinato por envenenamento, as tres Tetralogias, Acerca do assassinato de Herodes e Acerca do coreuta, pecas precursoras do genero juridico (dikanikoi logoi), acompanhados de alguns fragmentos de obras atribuidas ao mesmo autor, que se presume ser o orador de Ramnunte: Acerca do tributo dos samotracios, Contra Erasistratos, Exordios e epilogos e Artes retoricas.
I leave off speaking of the several opinions of Asclepiades, Prassagora, Diocles, Ephilistion, Erasistratos, (17) and many others on the reason for which respiration has been bestowed on us, just as I decline also to say in what way it nourishes the spirits of the brain (as a subject that I do not say I don't know well), but on this occasion perhaps is excessive.
He cites four different sources (Diagoras, Erasistratos, Andreas and Mnesidamos) to support this claim, a clear indication of the importance the ancients attached to this drug.