Epsom salt

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Related to Epsom salt: Epsom salt bath


1. any compound of a base and an acid.
3. in the plural, a saline cathartic.
bile s's glycine or taurine conjugates of bile acids, which are formed in the liver and secreted in the bile. They are powerful detergents that break down fat globules, enabling them to be digested.
buffer salt a salt in the blood that is able to absorb slight excesses of acid or alkali with little or no change in the hydrogen ion concentration.
Epsom salt magnesium sulfate.
Glauber's salt sodium sulfate.
oral rehydration s's (ORS) a dry mixture of sodium chloride, potassium chloride, dextrose, and either sodium citrate or sodium bicarbonate; dissolved in water for use in oral rehydration therapy.
smelling s's aromatic ammonium carbonate, a stimulant and restorative.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. Sodium chloride.
2. Pert. to, containing or treated with salt.
3. To treat with salt or make salty.
4. Any mineral salt or saline mixture used as an aperient or cathartic, e.g., epsom salts or Glauber salt.
5. In chemistry, a compound consisting of a positive ion other than hydrogen and a negative ion other than hydroxyl.
6. A chemical compound resulting from the interaction of an acid and a base.

Salts and water are the inorganic (mineral) constituents of the body. They play specific roles in the functions of cells and are indispensable for life. The principal salts are chlorides, carbonates, bicarbonates, sulfates, and phosphates, combined with sodium, potassium, calcium, or magnesium.

Salts serve the following roles in the body: maintenance of proper osmotic conditions; maintenance of water balance; regulation of blood volume; maintenance of proper acid-base balance; provision for essential constituents of tissue, esp. of bones and teeth; maintenance of normal irritability of muscle and nerve cells; maintenance of conditions for coagulation of the blood; provision for essential components of certain enzyme systems, respiratory pigments and hormones; and regulation of cell membrane and capillary permeability. See: sodium chloride

acid salt

A salt in which one or more hydrogen atoms is replaceable.

alkaline salts

aminohippuric acid sodium salt

The sodium salt of aminohippuric acid. It is given intravenously to test renal blood flow and the excretory capacity of the renal tubules.

basic salt

1. A salt retaining the ability to react with an acid radical.
2. A salt of a strong base and a weak acid, which has a pH > 7.0, e.g., sodium acetate.

bath salts

1. Any of several water-soluble inorganic crystalline compounds, such as Epsom salts (magnesium sulfate), baking soda (sodium bicarbonate), or table salt (sodium chloride), usually colored and scented, and designed to be added to a bath. The salts soften the bathwater and purportedly improve cleaning and enhance the bathing experience.
2. Methylenedioxypyrovalerone.

bile salt

Any of the alkali salts of bile sodium glycocholate and sodium taurocholate.

buffer salt

A salt that fixes excess amounts of acid or alkali without a change in hydrogen ion concentration.

double salt

Any salt formed from two other salts.

epsom salt

Magnesium sulfate.

glow salt

Rubbing of the entire body with moist salt for stimulation.

hypochlorite salt

A salt of hypochlorous acid used in household bleach and as an oxidizer, deodorant, and disinfectant.

iodized salt

A salt containing a trace amount of sodium or potassium iodide in sodium chloride. It is an important source of iodine in the diet. Its use prevents goiter due to iodine deficiency.

neutral salt

An ionic compound containing no replaceable hydrogen or hydroxyl ions.

Rochelle salt

Potassium sodium tartrate, a colorless, transparent powder having a cooling and saline taste and formerly used as a saline cathartic.

rock salt

Sodium chloride in its natural state of rocklike masses in beds or flats.

sea salt

A mixture of salts, mainly sodium chloride, obtained by evaporation from sea water.

smelling salt

A colloquial term for aromatic spirits of ammonia. When the sealed capsule is opened, pungent ammonia gas is released.
CAS # 506-87-6

substitute salt

A chemical, e.g., potassium chloride, with a flavor like that of table salt but with a negligible sodium content. It is used by those whose medical condition requires limited sodium intake.

table salt

Sodium chloride.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
"Epsom Salt was discovered in Surrey in the 17th Century by a farmer, and has since been used as a bath salt for drawing out toxins and helping relax tired and aching muscles.
Start by combining Epsom salt and food coloring in a bowl.
"The Epsom salt category has seen sustained growth over the past few years, presenting an opportunity for Morton Salt to begin leveraging its ubiquitous brand equity with the health and beauty shopper," says Carol Panozzo, vice president of consumer products sales and marketing for the Chicago-based company.
A Broadway dancer in Burn the Floor, Henry Vyalikov has been turning to Epsom salts and Tiger Balm since he joined the show.
One way to raise magnesium levels is to soak in water containing 2 cups of magnesium sulfate (Epsom salts).
Use a marker to label each cup as follows: Control Unwrapped, Table Salt Unwrapped, Epsom Salt Unwrapped, Baking Soda Unwrapped.
Some of the stories mentioned such home remedies as ice, Epsom salt baths, topically applied yogurt, and sleeping with the affected area exposed to air from an electric fan.
Epsom salt is still used today for its ability to soothe inflammation by withdrawing water from muscles and tissues and on occasion is still used as a laxative.
Epsom Salt Baths: Inhale over a bowl with a towel over your head.
When exposed to water, Epsom salt breaks down into magnesium and sulfate.
The new items--PROcure Bruise Remedy Gel+Amica Montana and PROcure Epsom Salt Rub+Aloe--are part of a growing trend in the industry toward natural products.