In this study, we focus on personal memories that are shared with others when the memories are spoken aloud during intergenerational conversations--which are called episodic memories (Tulving, 1972).
Regarding interpretive programs, Knapp (2006) suggests that when a learner feels a personal connection to the content, vivid episodic memories are more likely to be formed.
While Knapp's (2007) and Tulving's research (2002) on episodic memories has helped to inform best practices in the field of interpretation, we adapt their ideas so that episodic memory is aligned to a social view of learning.
Consequently, the verbally shared episodic memories are connections between informal learning sites that serve as evidence for learning.
2) What personal, episodic memories from prior informal, interpretive learning settings, such as designed spaces and programs for science learning, were brought up in families' conversations during a nature walk as a means of connecting to the natural world?
3) What was the social dimension of sharing episodic memories from prior informal learning experiences during the nature trail experience for parents and children?
Interpretation research methodologies have traditionally included post-program interviews and pre- and post-test surveys in order to elucidate the episodic memories of program participants (e.g., Knapp, 2006; Waite, 2007); however, we were not assessing any particular program, nor were we explicitly asking the learners to share memories from previous interpretive programs.
Together with previous correlational studies in AD [39, 40] and with fMRI studies performed in healthy elderly subjects (e.g., [76-78]), these results support the MTT [41, 42], which posits that the retrieval of episodic memories would depend on the MTL for the duration of their existence.
A further limitation is that the MCT was not originally conceived for the assessment of general memories , which then stand as a substitute for the lack of episodic memories. Finally, a more precise scoring method including a structured specific probing could have allowed distinguishing between different qualitative aspects of the recollection such as the specificity in time and place versus number of episodic details recollected.
In contrast, Tulving's group finds that blood surges in the right prefrontal cortex as episodic memories resurface.
Blood-flow data revealed several other brain regions that help to store and retrieve episodic memories, they add.