epiphyte

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Related to Epiphytism: Saprophytism

epiphyte

a plant such as some mosses and some orchids, that grows attached to another and uses it solely for purposes of support, doing it no harm, there being no parasitic association.
References in periodicals archive ?
Epiphytism is pronounced among ferns in that about 29% of fern species regularly occur in tree crowns [7].
Epiphytism in general has been proposed as an evolutionary strategy for plants found in nutrient-limited tropical environments (Benzing 1991, Dubuisson et al.
Bromeliads appear to have begun invading drier areas in Central and South America beginning roughly 15 million years ago, at the same time as bromeliads underwent a major adaptive radiation involving the repeated evolution of epiphytism, CAM photosynthesis, impounding leaves, several features of leaf and trichome anatomy, and an accelerated rate at which new genera subsequently appeared.
Our capture results suggest that this species inhabits the interior of small and mid-sized fragments of secondary forest that have a high degree of epiphytism and great abundance of individuals of Arecaceae, Araceae and Piperaceae families.
Whereas the fossil record seemed to suggest that ferns experienced three distinct pulses of species diversification, the Duke team's analysis shows that there was a fourth, roughly corresponding with the development of epiphytism.
The disappearance of some of these horizons occurs very slowly and is the result of pressure from another species, which becomes dominant through epiphytism or predation.
In the marine environment, epiphytism has not been widely studied, in contrast to the hundreds of papers on hard-surface fouling processes.
Gray (Melastomataceae), with emphasis on adaptations to epiphytism. Flora, vol.
Morphological and anatomical features associated with epiphytism among the pleurocarpous mosses one basis for further research on adaptations and their evolution.
Hietz & Briones (1997) studied the adaptations to epiphytism of Pleopeltis mexicana (Fee) Mickel & Beitel.