is pronounced among ferns in that about 29% of fern species regularly occur in tree crowns .
in general has been proposed as an evolutionary strategy for plants found in nutrient-limited tropical environments (Benzing 1991, Dubuisson et al.
Bromeliads appear to have begun invading drier areas in Central and South America beginning roughly 15 million years ago, at the same time as bromeliads underwent a major adaptive radiation involving the repeated evolution of epiphytism
, CAM photosynthesis, impounding leaves, several features of leaf and trichome anatomy, and an accelerated rate at which new genera subsequently appeared.
Our capture results suggest that this species inhabits the interior of small and mid-sized fragments of secondary forest that have a high degree of epiphytism
and great abundance of individuals of Arecaceae, Araceae and Piperaceae families.
Whereas the fossil record seemed to suggest that ferns experienced three distinct pulses of species diversification, the Duke team's analysis shows that there was a fourth, roughly corresponding with the development of epiphytism
Key Words: Codonanthe, epiphyts, ant gardens, parabiotic interactions, epiphytism
The disappearance of some of these horizons occurs very slowly and is the result of pressure from another species, which becomes dominant through epiphytism
In the marine environment, epiphytism
has not been widely studied, in contrast to the hundreds of papers on hard-surface fouling processes.
Gray (Melastomataceae), with emphasis on adaptations to epiphytism
. Flora, vol.
This species was chosen for its lack of epiphytism
in comparison with G.
Morphological and anatomical features associated with epiphytism
among the pleurocarpous mosses one basis for further research on adaptations and their evolution.
Hietz & Briones (1997) studied the adaptations to epiphytism
of Pleopeltis mexicana (Fee) Mickel & Beitel.