epidural haematoma

epidural haematoma

A medical emergency found in 5 to 15% of fatal head injuries, in which blood accumulates in the epidural space due to blood leaking from a torn or disrupted middle meningeal artery, resulting in compression of the brain/dura mater. It is usually caused by a focal impact—either a fall or a blow to the head. Without urgent evacuation of the haematoma, tentorial herniation ensues, often followed by death.
References in periodicals archive ?
The CT brain scan revealed traumatic subarachnoid haemorrhage in 80(29%) patients, followed by subdural haematoma in 70(25%), epidural haematoma in 30(13%), intracranial bleeding in 40(14%) and skull fracture in 50(18%), with a mean Marshall score of 4+-2.
Cyclic alternation of paraplegia and leg pain as symptoms of a giant spontaneous spinal epidural haematoma.
After conducting a CT investigation, it was found that he has epidural haematoma.
Epidural haematoma of the posterior fossa: good results after prompt diagnosis with CT.
Kostuik, "Analysis of the risk factors for the development of post-operative spinal epidural haematoma," The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery--British Volume, vol.
Police said the man suffered a fractured skull, epidural haematoma, and ear injury.
INTRODUCTION: Spinal Epidural Haematoma is a rare entity and only few cases have been reported worldwide.
Treatment of unilateral facet joint injuries depends on the degree of bony, ligamentous and cord involvement as well as spinal stability and may be non-operative for simple stable unilateral facet dislocation, as in our patient, (immobilization or closed reduction) or surgical (failed conservative measures, persistent instability, signs of middle column disruption at the outset, cord injury or epidural haematoma requiring surgical decompression).
Initially spinal anaesthesia was given to patients who had normal coagulation profile and had no infection at site of spinal anaesthesia but if any of them developed defective hemostasis or infection after spinal anaesthesia were planned to be treated with this technique only once they recovered, to avoid complications such as epidural haematoma leading to paraplegia and transmission of infection into the meninges of brain and spinal cord.
Causes of spinal cord compression Degenerative Cervical/thoracic stenosis Acute disc prolapse Trauma Fractures Fracture-dislocations Infectious Spinal epidural abscess/empyema Vascular Spinal epidural haematoma Neoplastic Extradural: vertebral tumours (primary or metastases) Intradural: extramedullary (e.
Brain computed tomography scan showed an epidural haematoma, multiple haemorrhagic contusions on the right lobe with localised oedema and subarachnoid haemorrhage.