enterotoxin

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Related to Enterotoxins: endotoxin, Exotoxins

enterotoxin

 [en´ter-o-tok″sin]
a toxin specifically affecting cells of the intestinal mucosa, causing vomiting and diarrhea, such as those elaborated by species of Bacillus, Clostridium, Escherichia, Staphylococcus, and Vibrio.

en·ter·o·tox·in

(en'tĕr-ō-tok'sin),
A cytotoxin specific for the cells of the intestinal mucosa.

enterotoxin

/en·tero·tox·in/ (en´ter-o-tok″sin)
1. a toxin specific for the cells of the intestinal mucosa.
2. a toxin arising in the intestine.
3. an exotoxin that is protein in nature and relatively heat-stable, produced by staphylococci.

enterotoxin

(ĕn′tə-rō-tŏk′sĭn)
n.
Any of various bacterially produced toxins that specifically affect intestinal cells and cause vomiting and diarrhea, as in staphylococcal food poisoning and cholera.

enterotoxin

[-tok′sin]
a toxic substance that causes an adverse reaction by cells of the intestinal mucosa. Most enterotoxins are produced by certain species of bacteria, such as Staphylococcus.

enterotoxin

Infectious disease A toxin with a direct effect on the intestinal mucosa, eliciting net fluid secretion; the 'classic' enterotoxin is cholera toxin, which evokes intestinal fluid secretion, by activating adenylate cyclase. See Endotoxin, Exotoxin.

en·ter·o·tox·in

(en'tĕr-ō-tok'sin)
A cytotoxin specific for the cells of the intestinal mucosa.

enterotoxin

Any bacterial toxin that damages intestinal tissue and causes diarrhoea and vomiting, the signs of food poisoning.

Enterotoxin

A type of harmful protein released by bacteria and other disease agents that affects the tissues lining the intestines.
Mentioned in: Dysentery

enterotoxin

1. a toxin specific for the cells of the intestinal mucosa.
2. a toxin arising in the intestine.
References in periodicals archive ?
The second hypothesis held that the bacteria population within the chicken taco meat mixture had either reached death phase due to gross spoilage, diminishing nutrients, and a changing pH environment, or had been diminished by the final reheating prior to service on April 15 without harming the integrity of the enterotoxin.
Use of novel PCR primers specific to the genes of staphylococcal enterotoxin G, H, I for the survey of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from food-poisoning cases and food samples in Taiwan.
Suckling mice (neonatal BALB/c 2-3 days-old) assay was performed for enterotoxin activity accordingly to a methodology described earlier.
perfringens strains (1-10) gene targets in a wide range of food homogenate samples harbouring the enterotoxin gene cluster in seafood [37, 38, 39]positive results was showed as curve.
Two sets of multiplex PCR were used to detect classical enterotoxins genes (sea to see), toxic shock syndrome toxin (tsst-1) and exfoliative toxins (eta y etb).
Growth abilities and enterotoxin production of Staphylococcus aureus strains in herby cheese.
Therefore, we demonstrated that 68 of 100 samples are virulent-related genes as a result of existence of hemolysin, adherence and enterotoxin activities.
Using commercially available rapid detection test kits, laboratory workers tested all of the four main dishes for the presence of staphylococcal enterotoxins (A through E) and B.
In addition, the investigators found that the newly devised primer set for detecting the cry genes was more applicable, and it more accurately discriminated between the two species than the primers that were used to detect enterotoxins.