enteroendocrine cells

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en·ter·o·en·do·crine cells

cells, scattered throughout the digestive tract and lung that are of several varieties and are believed to produce at least 20 different gastrointestinal hormones and neurotransmitters; they contain granules that may be either argentaffinic or argyrophilic.

en·ter·o·en·do·crine cells

(en'tĕr-ō-en'dō-krin selz)
A family of cells with argyrophilic granules occurring throughout the digestive tract and believed to produce at least 20 gastrointestinal hormones and neurotransmitters.


Nicholas, Russian histologist, 1856-1925.
Kulchitsky carcinoma - a small cell carcinoma of the esophagus composed of Kulchitsky cells with neurosecretory granules.
Kulchitsky cells - cells scattered throughout the digestive tract believed to produce at least 20 different gastrointestinal hormones and neurotransmitters. Synonym(s): enteroendocrine cells


pertaining to intestinal hormones.

enteroendocrine cells
cells of the intestinal mucosa that produce hormones such as secretin and cholecystokinin.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hormones secreted by the enteroendocrine cells of the small intestine in response to the presence of fat in the proximal duodenum stimulate contractions of the smooth muscle of the gallbladder.
Craig Smith, a Senior Lecturer in Molecular Cell Physiology, said that their research centred on enteroendocrine cells that 'taste' what we eat and in response release a cocktail of hormones that communicate with the pancreas, to control insulin release to the brain, to convey the sense of being full and to optimize and maximize digestion and absorption of nutrients.
The issue here is that the intestinal tract and inflammatory bowel and Crohn's disease is found to have excessive amounts of serotonin in the enteroendocrine cells.
In addition, the gut specific sensory, sympathetic nerves, and enteroendocrine cells can trigger the release of CRF (Karalis et al.
The activation of taste receptors with non-nutritive agonists in effect stimulates the enteroendocrine cells to react as though a greater caloric load had been consumed.
Increased rectal mucosal enteroendocrine cells, T lymphocytes, and increased gut permeability following acute Campylobacter enteritis and in post-dysenteric irritable bowel syndrome.
GIP and GLP-1 are released from intestinal enteroendocrine cells in response to a glucose load and account for over 50% of insulin secreted in response to a meal.
The SCFAs also affect the serotonin- and motilin-containing enteroendocrine cells in the colon and the ileum (44).
In a study of rectal mucosal enteroendocrine cells (EC) post enteritis infection, Spiller (2000) noted that 5-HT receptor containing ECs were increased after the first biopsy at 3 weeks.
Enteroendocrine cells and 5-HT availability are altered in mucosa of guinea pigs with TNBS ileitis.
Heather Bara of Georgia Institute of Technology: Tissue Engineering a Pancreatic Substitute Based on Recombinant Enteroendocrine Cells