enterocyte

(redirected from Enterocytes)
Also found in: Encyclopedia.

enterocyte

(en'tĕr-ō-sīt),
A type of epithelial cell that lines the gut.
[entero- + -cyte]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

enterocyte

(ĕn′tĕr-ō-sīt″) [″ + ″]
A nutrient-absorbing cell located on the surface of the small intestinal villus. Its free surface cell membrane is folded into microvilli that increase the surface area available for absorption.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
A computerized morphometric analysis showed a percentage fall in total IEL that was much less than the loss of enterocytes (70).
The intestinal mucosal epithelium consists of four main cell types--absorptive enterocytes, goblet cells, Paneth cells and enteroendocrine cells--which undergo continuous cycles of renewal.
Zinc-induced copper deficiency that may manifest hematological abnormalities can be linked to some denture adhesives because excess zinc is ingested and taken up by enterocytes lining the intestine.
Other classical histological findings are crypt hyperplasia, decreased villous height, crypt length ratio, loss of surface enterocytes, which can be focal or complete and increased number of intra-epithelial lymphocytes (IELs).
FPN mRNA expression was reported to be upregulated by Nrf2 in macrophages [5, 33, 34] or by HIF2[alpha], which binds to the HIF response elements in enterocytes [35].
Increased distance between the basal membrane of the intestinal cells and the capillary blood flow leads to impaired nutrition of the enterocytes resulting in decreased absorptive function of the bowel wall [2].
The inflammatory cytokines induce hepcidine (HEPC) overproduction which causes the endocytosis and proteolysis of ferroportin (FPN), favoring trapping iron in the absorbing enterocytes resulting in iron deficiency anemia (IDA) [6].
coli that causes diarrhea via an "attaching and effacing" mechanism on the surface of enterocytes [1, 2].
Dietary iron in the form of inorganic Fe(III) is absorbed from the intestinal lumen across the brush border of duodenal enterocytes via active uptake mechanisms that reduce Fe(III) to Fe(II).
Biliary bile acids form mixed micelles together with fatty acids, which function as a transport vehicle to deliver fatty acids to the apical membrane of enterocytes for absorption [42].
Enterocytes are the predominant epithelial cells of the gut mucosal lining and form a physical barrier that limits passage of small molecules (molecular mass < 500 Daltons) [52] (Figure 5).