enterocyte


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enterocyte

(en'tĕr-ō-sīt),
A type of epithelial cell that lines the gut.
[entero- + -cyte]

enterocyte

(ĕn′tĕr-ō-sīt″) [″ + ″]
A nutrient-absorbing cell located on the surface of the small intestinal villus. Its free surface cell membrane is folded into microvilli that increase the surface area available for absorption.
References in periodicals archive ?
One alternative could determine the villous fraction of Marsh III mucosae either with monoclonal antibodies against enterocyte alkaline phosphatase or esterase or by identifying the lowest cells in the villous epithelium expressing their corresponding gene-activated mRNAs.
Intestinal virulence factors are indicated in red for the locus of enterocyte effacement genes, blue for prophage-encoded Shiga toxin genes, and green for VFs carried by pR444_C, a pO157-like plasmid.
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains negative for locus of enterocyte effacement.
Biliary bile acids form mixed micelles together with fatty acids, which function as a transport vehicle to deliver fatty acids to the apical membrane of enterocytes for absorption [42].
Relevant to EHS, we propose that a state of chronic metabolic endotoxemia [17,40,136,137], involving increased intestinal permeability, can be potentiated or multiplied by hyperthermia, high intensity/prolonged exercise, reduced blood flow to splanchnic organs, enterocyte hypoxia, and acidity, as described above.
Two iron transport proteins, divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1) and ferroportin 1 (FPN), are expressed in duodenal enterocytes [4, 5].
ALP and SI are considered to be two differentiation markers for mature enterocytes (34).
SEM examinations unravelled peculiar ultrastructure of enterocytes lacking characteristic large-size vacuoles in the central part of the enterocyte in IUGRs as compared to NBW piglets.
Sacquet, "Effects of microflora on the dimensions of enterocyte microvilli in the rat," Reproduction, Nutrition, Development, vol.