endotoxin

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endotoxin

 [en´do-tok″sin]
a heat-stable toxin associated with the outer membranes of certain gram-negative bacteria, including Brucella, Neisseria, and Vibrio species. Endotoxins are not secreted but are released only when the cells are disrupted; they are less potent and less specific than the exotoxins; and they do not form toxoids. In large quantities they produce hemorrhagic shock and severe diarrhea; smaller amounts cause fever, altered resistance to bacterial infection, leukopenia followed by leukocytosis, and numerous other biologic effects.
Results of endotoxin release. From Copstead, 1995.

en·do·tox·in

(en-dō-tok'sin),
1. A bacterial toxin not freely liberated into the surrounding medium, in contrast to exotoxin.
2. The complex phospholipid-polysaccharide macromolecules that form an integral part of the outer membrane of a variety of relatively avirulent as well as virulent strains of gram-negative bacteria. The toxins are relatively heat stable, are less potent than most exotoxins, are less specific, and do not form toxoids; on injection, they may cause a state of shock and, in smaller doses, fever and leukopenia followed by leukocytosis; they have the capacity of eliciting the Shwartzman and the Sanarelli-Shwartzman phenomena.
Synonym(s): intracellular toxin

endotoxin

/en·do·tox·in/ (en´do-tok″sin) a heat-stable toxin present in the intact bacterial cell but not in cell-free filtrates of cultures of intact bacteria. Endotoxins are lipopolysaccharide complexes that occur in the cell wall; they are pyrogenic and increase capillary permeability.en´dotoxic

endotoxin

(ĕn′dō-tŏk′sən)
n.
A toxin produced by certain bacteria and released upon destruction of the bacterial cell.

en′do·tox′ic adj.

endotoxin

[en′dōtok′sin]
Etymology: Gk, endon + toxikon, poison
a toxin contained in the cell walls of some microorganisms, especially gram-negative bacteria, that is released when the bacterium dies and is broken down in the body. Fever, chills, shock, leukopenia, and a variety of other symptoms result, depending on the particular organism and the condition of the infected person. Compare exotoxin.

endotoxin

Bacterial endotoxin, lipid A Microbiology A heat-stable lipopolysaccharide on the outer coat of gram-negative bacteria–eg, those causing cholera, meningitis, pneumonia, plague, whooping cough, et al Clinical Leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, fever, chills, hemorrhagic shock, dec resistance to infection

en·do·tox·in

(en'dō-tok'sin)
1. A bacterial toxin not freely liberated into the surrounding medium, in contrast to exotoxin.
2. The complex phospholipid-polysaccharide macromolecules that form an integral part of the cell wall of strains of gram-negative bacteria. The toxins may cause a state of shock accompanied by severe diarrhea, and, in smaller doses, fever and leukopenia followed by leukocytosis.
Synonym(s): intracellular toxin.

endotoxin

A poisonous lipopolysaccharide formed in the cell wall of a GRAM-NEGATIVE bacterium by means of which the organism causes its damage to the host. Compare exotoxin.

endotoxin

a poison that is produced by and remains inside a living CELL. It is only released upon disintegration of the organism. An example is the delta-endotoxin produced by the BACTERIUM Bacillus thuringiensis, and active against certain insect larvae. GENES for such toxins have been introduced into plants by GENETIC ENGINEERING with a view to conferring insect resistance upon them.

endotoxin

complex, heat-stable, toxic molecules released by a number of Gram-negative bacteria

endotoxin,

n toxin present in the cell walls of bacteria that is released after the bacteria has died. May cause chills, fever, leukopenia, and shock depending on the bacterial species and the health of the infected person.

en·do·tox·in

(en'dō-tok'sin)
1. A bacterial toxin not freely liberated into the surrounding medium.
2. The complex phospholipid-polysaccharide macromolecules that form an integral part of the cell wall of strains of gram-negative bacteria; may cause shock, severe diarrhea, and fever.
Synonym(s): intracellular toxin.

endotoxin (en´dōtok´sin),

n a nondiffusible lipid polysaccharide-polypeptide complex formed within bacteria (some gram-negative bacilli and others); when released from the destroyed bacterial cells, endotoxin is capable of producing a toxic manifestation within the host.

endotoxin

a heat-stable toxin present in the intact bacterial cell but not in cell-free filtrates of cultures of intact bacteria. It is the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of gram-negative outer membranes. Also called O antigen. It is pyrogenic and increases capillary permeability through stimulation of tumor necrosis factor alpha release.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to facility of use in the field, another important aspect in the choice of an endotoxin sampling device is good precision, or high reproducibility of results.
But it has not been clearly shown before that cigarette smoke contains true endotoxins - bacterial lipopolysaccharides.
Concentrations and Emissions of Airborne Endotoxins and Microorganisms in Livestock Buildings in Northern Europe.
Katrin Hoeck, Head of Marketing Analysis and Testing at Lonza Bioscience Solutions explains: For QC professionals, it is important to ensure data integrity is implemented throughout their endotoxin testing processes.
It is known that the LPS molecules that make up endotoxins tend to aggregate under certain conditions.
LBP function is to facilitate the removal of endotoxins from blood, either by carrying them to the macrophages when they are in low concentration or transporting with lipoprotein of high density (21).
10] samples contained on average 169% [+ or -] 133% more endotoxins per mass of PM than their corresponding [PM.
The researchers found that overall average inhalable airborne endotoxin concentrations were 5 endotoxin units (EU) per cubic meter at the upwind site, 426 EU downwindnear the barn, and 56 EU farther downwind.
Harte said that her research suggests this inflammatory insult could arise, in part, from a compromised gut mucosa that allows bacterial endotoxins to enter the circulation and initiate a systemic in-flammatory response.
5 percent of the children had raised endotoxin levels after surgery.
September 27 2010 - Putting its latest product Mycofix to the test in several in vitro and ex vivo experiments involving ergot and endotoxin poisoning, Austrian animal nutrition firm BIOMIN proves once again its leading reputation in mycotoxins control and management.