Endocrine

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en·do·crine

(en'dō-krin),
1. Secreting internally, most commonly into the systemic circulation; of or pertaining to such secretion. Compare: paracrine, autocrine.
2. The internal or hormonal secretion of a ductless gland. Compare: endocrine hormones.
3. Denoting a gland that furnishes an internal secretion.
[endo- + G. krinō, to separate]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

endocrine

(ĕn′də-krĭn, -krēn′)
adj.
1. Secreting internally.
2. Of or relating to endocrine glands or the hormones secreted by them.
n.
1. The secretion of an endocrine gland; a hormone.
2. An endocrine gland.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

menopause

Change of life, climacteric, 'time of life'  Gynecology The cessation of menstrual activity due to failure to form ovarian follicles, which normally occurs age 45–50 Clinical Menstrual irregularity, vasomotor instability, 'hot flashes', irritability or psychosis, ↑ weight, painful breasts, dyspareunia, ↑/↓ libido, atrophy of urogenital epithelium and skin, ASHD, MI, strokes and osteoporosis–which can be lessened by HRT. See Estrogen replacement therapy, Hot flashes, Male menopause, Premature ovarian failure, Premature menopause. Cf Menarche.
Menopause–”…what a drag it is getting old.” Jagger, Richards
Bladder Cystourethritis, frequency/urgency, stress incontinence
Breasts ↓ Size, softer consistency, sagging
Cardiovascular Angina, ASHD, CAD
Endocrine Hot flashes
Mucocutaneous Atrophy, dryness, pruritus, facial hirsutism, dry mouth
Neurologic Psychological, sleep disturbances
Pelvic floor Uterovaginal prolapse
Skeleton  Osteoporosis, fractures, low back pain
Vagina Bloody discharge, dyspareunia, vaginitis
Vocal cords Deepened voice
Vulva  Atrophy, dystrophy, pruritus

hypertension

High blood pressure Cardiovascular disease An abnormal ↑ systemic arterial pressure, corresponding to a systolic BP of > 160 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP of 95 mm Hg and graded according to intensity of ↑ diastolic BP; HTN affects ± 60 million in the US Workup Evaluation of HTN requires clinical Hx for Pt, family Hx, 2 BP determinations, funduscopy, ID of bruits in neck & abdominal aorta, evaluation of peripheral edema, peripheral pulses and residual neurologic defects in stroke victims, chest films to determine cardiac size and lab parameters to rule out causes of secondary HTN Risk factors Race–blacks more common, ♂, family history of HTN, obesity, defects of lipid metabolism, DM, sedentary lifestyle, cigarette smoking, electrolyte imbalance–eg, ↑ sodium, phosphorus, ↓ potassium, tin Treatment Diet–eg, sodium restriction, ↓ calories, alcohol and cigarettes–the weight gain accompanying smoking cessation tends to offset the minimal ↓ in BP, calcium supplements, lifestyle manipulation–eg, biofeedback, ↑ exercise; antihypertensives–eg, diuretics–benzothiadiazines, loop diuretics, potassium-sparing diuretics, sympatholytic agents–central and peripheral-acting α-adrenergics, β-adrenergics, mixed α- and β-blockers, direct vasodilators, ACE inhibitors–the preferred agent to use ab initio, dihydropiridine CCBs. See ACCT, ACE inhibitor, Borderline hypertension, Borderline isolated systolic hypertension, Calcium channel blocker, Drug-induced hypertension, Essential hypertension, Exercise hypertension, Familial dyslipemic hypertension, Gestational hypertension, Idiopathic intracranial hypertension, Isolated systolic hypertension, Malignant hypertension, MRC, Obetension, Paradoxic hypertension, Pill hypertension, Pregnancy-induced hypertension, Pseudohypertension, Pulmonary hypertension, Refractory hypertension, Renovascular hypertension, SHEP, STOP-Hypertension, TAIM, TOHP-1, TOMHSTyramine hypertension, White coat hypertension.
Hypertension
Class I–mild Diastolic pressure 90-104 mm Hg
Class II–moderate Diastolic pressure 105-119 mm Hg
Class III–severe Diastolic pressure > than 120 mm Hg
Hypertension types
Essential hypertension Idiopathic HTN The major form comprising 90% of all HTN
Malignant hypertension A sustained BP > 200/140 mm Hg, resulting in arteriolar necrosis, most marked in the brain, eg. cerebral hemorrhage, infarcts, and hypertensive encephalopathy, eyes, eg papilledema and hypertensive retinopathy and kidneys, eg acute renal failure and hypertensive nephropathy; if malignant HTN is uncorrected or therapy refractory, Pts may suffer a hypertensive crisis in which prolonged high BP causes left ventricular hypertrophy and CHF
Paroxysmal hypertension Transient or episodic waves of ↑ BP of any etiology, punctuated by periods of normotension, typical of pheochromocytoma
Portal hypertension ↑ portal vein pressure caused by a backflow of blood through splenic arteries, resulting in splenomegaly and collateral circulation, resulting in esophageal varices and/or hemorrhoids; PH may be intra- or extrahepatic, and is often due to cirrhosis, or rarely portal vein disease, venous thrombosis, tumors or abscesses
Pulmonary hypertension A condition defined as a 'wedge' systolic/diastolic pressure > 30/20 mm Hg–Normal: 18-25/12-16 mm Hg, often secondary to blood stasis in peripheral circulation, divided into passive, hyperkinetic, vasoocclusive, vasoconstrictive and secondary forms. See Pulmonary HTN.
Renovascular hypertension see there.
Secondary hypertension
Aging
Cardiovascular Open heart surgery, coarctation of aorta, ↑ cardiac output–anemia, thyrotoxicosis, aortic valve insufficiency
Cerebral ↑ Intracranial pressure
Endocrine Mineralocorticoid excess, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, glucocorticoid excess, eg Cushing syndrome, hyperparathyroidism, acromegaly
Gynecologic Pregnancy, oral contraceptives
Neoplasia Renin-secreting tumors, pheochromocytoma
• ↓ Peripheral vascular resistance AV shunts, Paget's disease of bone, beri-beri
Renal disease Vascular, parenchymal
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

en·do·crine

(en'dō-krin)
1. Secreting internally, most commonly into the systemic circulation; of or pertaining to such secretion.
Compare: paracrine
2. The internal or hormonal secretion of a ductless gland.
3. Denoting a gland that furnishes an internal secretion.
[endo- + G. krinō, to separate]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Endocrine

A system of organs that produces chemicals that go into the bloodstream to reach other organs whose functioning they affect.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

en·do·crine

(en'dō-krin)
Secreting internally, most commonly into the systemic circulation; of or pertaining to such secretion.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about Endocrine

Q. Can women think strange when pregnant? Is it due to hormonal imbalance? Please help me; I’m 21 and this is my first pregnancy. I am in the first trimester. Yet I don’t feel morning sickness but feel tired throughout the day. Can women think strange when pregnant? Is it due to hormonal imbalance?

A. First, congratulations for your first pregnancy, Elizabeth..

You need not to worry about you're not being nausea during this first trimester. Although morning sickness is a common symptoms of first trimester pregnancy, it doesn't always happened to every pregnant moms. So all you need to do is stay healthy always, by consuming healthy foods, and if you're a working woman, you need to limit your daily works, because first trimester is quite crucial. First trimester is a phase when your fetus is developing its organ, and the attachment to its mother's uterus is becoming strong.

In second trimester, usually there will be less problems, the nausea feeling will often fade away by itself. One other important thing is to get yourself checked to your Ob-GYN doctor (antenatal care), to make sure your pregnancy is okay, and to monitor your baby's development.

In case you're thinking strange, I don't think it is a significant problem. Maybe it's just because this is your very first expe

More discussions about Endocrine
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References in periodicals archive ?
In the present study, the number of surgical interventions for all endocrine diseases, adrenal and parathyroid gland diseases were increased (p=0.06, p=0.09 and p=0.04, respectively) compared with the GTB period (Figure 4).
This 266-page, hard-covered book provides an overview of the pathophysiology and anaesthetic implications of endocrine disease. It consists of 11 chapters written by a variety of authors of widely ranging experience, from internationally recognised professors to chief residents.
It was reported on Friday that the contract has been signed to create a rare endocrine disease company.
There was also a significant correlation for f-Hb detectable by gFOBT with increased risk of dying from circulatory disease, respiratory disease, digestive diseases (excluding CRC), neuropsychological disease, blood and endocrine disease, and non-CRCs.
The concept also covers the role of endocrinotropic drugs in unmasking latent diabetes, worsening hyperglycaemia, or managing diabetes in specific situations, as well as antidiabetic drugs in modulating endocrine disease.
All partipicants in the study group had at least one endocrine disease. Patients who had active otorhinolaryngological symptoms, ear wax, cleft palate repair history in the past, and cases with submucous cleft palate were excluded from the study.
The amount of weight gained during the pregnancy did not appear to matter, with no increase in the risk of cardiac or endocrine disease reported, even in women who gained more than the recommended weight set by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines.
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a common endocrine disease marked by increased blood sugar levels resulting from the reduced action of the hormone insulin either due to the resistance of the body to its effect, or to the reduced ability to make insulinor both.
"Endocrine disease, especially hypothyroidism, and the disorders associated with abnormal sex hormone production can alter hair color either because the hair isn't growing as fast and is subject to sun bleaching--or because the mechanism whereby the pigment is transferred to the growing hair is abnormal."
Diabetes is an endocrine disease but due to its effect on blood vessels it can, if not kept under good control, affect many vital organs in the body, one of which is the retina of the eye."
DENVER--Diabetes appears to be an independent risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma, with the risk rising as duration of the endocrine disease increases, according to an ongoing, prospective case-control study.
Because endocrine disease often presents with subtle symptoms, the endocrinologist and internal medicine specialist usually rely on provocative testing to either suppress or stimulate the release of a particular hormone.

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