chronic kidney disease

(redirected from End-stage kidney disease)

chronic kidney disease

A condition defined as either:
(1) Kidney damage for = 3 months, defined by structural or functional renal abnormalities with or without a reduced glomerular filtration rate, manifest by either:
• Pathological abnormalities, or
• Markers of kidney damage, including abnormalities in the composition of the blood or urine, or abnormalities in imaging tests;
(2) GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for = 3 months, with or without kidney damage.
 
Workup
Serum creatinine for GFR, protein to creatinine ratio, examine urine sediment or dipstick for red cells, WBCs, imaging of kidneys, serum electrolytes (Na+, K+, Cl-, bicarbonate).

chronic kidney disease

,

CKD

Any illness in which kidney function remains diminished for a long period of time. CKD is defined as > 30 mg of urinary albumin excretion per gram of urinary creatinine, or a glomerular filtration rate of < 60mL/min/1.73m2 and includes both end-stage renal disease and improper functioning of kidney transplants. “Renal insufficiency” is a less-preferred term.
References in periodicals archive ?
Extreme hypertension or dangerously high blood pressure during pregnancy can increase the risk of developing end-stage kidney disease or kidney failure later in life, a study has suggested.
26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There was an increase in provision of palliative care for patients hospitalized between 2006 and 2014 with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) requiring dialysis, but rates were lower for black and Hispanic patients, according to a study published online Aug.
ENPNewswire-August 1, 2019--University College Cork: Pre-eclampsia increases risk of end-stage kidney disease, study finds
In addition, participants at low-income sites also had an 86 per cent higher likelihood of developing end-stage kidney disease and were 30 per cent less likely to receive a procedure performed to open the blood vessels to the heart for patients experiencing chest pain or heart attack.
Renal dialysis is required by patients with end-stage kidney disease, usually for three times a week for four hours at a time.
Diabetic nephropathy develops in approximately 30-40 % of patients who have diabetes and is a leading cause of end-stage kidney disease, cardiovascular disease and early mortality worldwide.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Priority Review for the supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for INVOKANA[R] (canagliflozin) to reduce the risk of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), the doubling of serum creatinine, and renal or cardiovascular (CV) death in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and chronic kidney disease (CKD).
The KidneyIntelX is designed to diagnose and improve clinical management of patients with Type II diabetes with fast-progressing kidney disease, in an effort to curtail the estimated USD114bn annual cost of chronic and end-stage kidney disease to the United States healthcare system.
Separately, there was a 32% lower risk of end-stage kidney disease; a 20% lower risk of cardiovascular death, MI, or stroke; and a 39% lower risk of hospitalization for heart failure, all significant differences.
class="MsoNormalCurrently, it is estimated that between 2,000 and 2,500 patients are on dialysis in the country, against 10,000 who have been diagnosed with end-stage kidney disease, explained Dr Ngigi.
Of these, around 1,600 people are undergoing dialysis with end-stage kidney disease, according to a 2009 survey conducted by the Emirates Nephrology Society.
People with SCD seem less likely to get renal transplants, but those with end-stage kidney disease should be encouraged to be evaluated for them, Dr.