chronic kidney disease

(redirected from End stage renal failure)

chronic kidney disease

A condition defined as either:
(1) Kidney damage for = 3 months, defined by structural or functional renal abnormalities with or without a reduced glomerular filtration rate, manifest by either:
• Pathological abnormalities, or
• Markers of kidney damage, including abnormalities in the composition of the blood or urine, or abnormalities in imaging tests;
(2) GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for = 3 months, with or without kidney damage.
 
Workup
Serum creatinine for GFR, protein to creatinine ratio, examine urine sediment or dipstick for red cells, WBCs, imaging of kidneys, serum electrolytes (Na+, K+, Cl-, bicarbonate).
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

chronic kidney disease

,

CKD

Any illness in which kidney function remains diminished for a long period of time. CKD is defined as > 30 mg of urinary albumin excretion per gram of urinary creatinine, or a glomerular filtration rate of < 60mL/min/1.73m2 and includes both end-stage renal disease and improper functioning of kidney transplants. “Renal insufficiency” is a less-preferred term.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
At seven years old, Ben was diagnosed with end stage renal failure and told he would need a kidney transplant to save his life.
"Matthew is full of fun and mischief and looks far from a child who is in end stage renal failure awaiting a kidney transplant."
Furthermore; considerable number of women with PR-AKI develop end stage renal failure requiring lifelong renal replacement therapy.
Luckily, within two weeks, a suitable heart became available and my operation was successful." Six years later, at the age of 21, Rebecca went into end stage renal failure and needed to go on dialysis.
Demographics are likely to act as strong mediators in determining the quality of life of patients of end stage renal failure.
Additionally, more CO [sub]2 would be absorbed in laparoscopic procedure that could increase the risk of acidosis especially for the patient with end stage renal failure, maybe our method was better in this special situation.
RENAL TRANSPLANTATION: Renal transplant is one of the most efficient treatments for End Stage Renal Failure (ESRF) in terms of cost, survival benefit and quality of life.
Peripherally inserted temporary haemodialysis catheters are commonly used in patients with end stage renal failure requiring urgent haemodialysis.
Helen's solicitor Kathryn Watson of Armstrong Foulkes, which specialises in medical claims, said: "Whilst the hospital admitted fault very early on, they have yet to accept the lifelong effect this has had on Mrs McAleese, both in terms of her inability to have more children and the increased risk of end stage renal failure in the future.
In an international study done on 6000 patients from 1996 to 2004, an overall prevalance of 46% was observed, although pruritus prevalance varied in different countries, ranging from 38% in France to 55% in Italy.8 In a study conducted in Saudia Arabia on pruritus among one hundred end stage renal failure patients, prevelance of 67% was observed.9 The possible reason for the variation in the prevalence may be the difference in individual tolerance and threshold for itch due to different racial and ethnic background.