Encephalitozoon

Encephalitozoon

(en-sef'ă-li-tō-zō'on),
A genus of protozoan parasites, formerly considered part of the family Toxoplasmatidae, class Sporozoea, but now recognized as a member of the protozoan phylum Microspora, family Nosematidae. Encephalitozoon cuniculi is considered the primary microsporan parasite of mammals, commonly found in the brain and kidney tubules of rodents and carnivores and causing nosematosis in rabbits.
[encephalitis + G. zōon, animal]

Encephalitozoon

Infectious disease A genus of microsporidia that most commonly infects the small intestine of immunocompromised Pts, in particular those with AIDS; in most Pts, the infection is confined to the small intestine and accompanied by diarrhea; in others, Encephalitozoon spp can cause disseminated disease & may be present in macrophages & epithelial cells. See AIDS cholangiopathy, Microsporidiasis.

En·ceph·a·li·to·zo·on

(en-sef'ă-lit-ō-zō'on)
A genus of protozoan parasites, formerly considered part of the family Toxoplasmatidae, class Sporozoea, but now recognized as a member of the protozoan phylum Microspora, family Nosematidae. E. cuniculi is considered the primary microsporan parasite of mammals, commonly found in the brain and kidney tubules of rodents and carnivores; causes nosematosis in rabbits.
[encephalitis + G. zōon, animal]
References in periodicals archive ?
The most common is a single-cell parasite called Encephalitozoon cuniculi.
Confirmed detection of Cyclospora cayetanensis, Encephalitozoon intestinalis and Cryptosporidium parvum in water used for drinking.
Investigacoes sobre oftalmologia de animais de companhia nao convencionais, com enfase na soroprevalencia do Encephalitozoon cuniculi.
KATHRINE Watson, Tyneside A: In the absence of any known trauma or toxin exposure, the two most common causes of head tilts in rabbits of that age are middle ear disease and a parasite called Encephalitozoon cuniculi (E.
Mutational analysis of Encephalitozoon cuniculi mRNA cap (guanine-N7) methyltransferase, structure of the enzyme bound to sinefungin, and evidence that cap methyltransferase is the target of sinefungin's antifungal activity.
In the case of the patient we describe, a management strategy was to change the calcineurin inhibitor from tacrolimus to cyclosporine, in light of in vitro evidence that cyclosporine chemosensitized Encephalitozoon spp.
Endise verici olabilen diger protozoonlar ise Acanthamoeba, Balamuthia mandrillaris, Naegleria fowleri ve bazi Mikrosporidia (Encephalitozoon cuniculi) turleridir.
Three fungi species were detected: Candida albicans, Encephalitozoon hellem, and Podospora anserina.
The first blood sample was obtained from the right saphenous vein for hematology (MS4 Vet[R]; Melet Schloesing) and biochemical profile (Chemray 120[R]; Rayto) and to obtain a serum sample for serology of Encephalitozoon cuniculi by indirect immunofluorescence in an external laboratory.
Valadas S, Gennari SM, Yai LE, Rosypal AC, Lindsay DS (2010) Prevalence of antibodies to Trypanosoma cruzi, Leishmania infantum, Encephalitozoon cuniculi, Sarcocystis neurona and Neospora caninum in Capybara, Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris, from Sao Paulo State, Brazil.
For each sample, we will run toxicology tests to determine heavy metal accumulation, a PCR test to assess the presence of Trypansoma cruzi, and fluorescent antibody tests to determine whether any of the following are present: Toxoplasma gondii, Sarcocystis neurona, Sarcocystis falcatula, Besnoitia darlingli Neospora caninurn, Leptospira, and Encephalitozoon cuniculi.