St. Louis encephalitis

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St. Louis encephalitis

Encephalitis caused by the St. Louis arbovirus and carried by mosquitoes. It emerged during an epidemic in the summer of 1933 in and around St. Louis, Missouri. Now endemic in the U.S. (esp. Florida), Trinidad, Jamaica, Panama, and Brazil, it occurs most frequently during summer and early fall.
See also: encephalitis
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

St. Louis,

city in Missouri, where the disease was first observed in 1933.
St. Louis encephalitis - Synonym(s): St Louis syndrome
St. Louis syndrome - encephalitis. Synonym(s): St. Louis encephalitis
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Besides Zika virus, mosquitoes transmit several pathogens in the United States each year, including West Nile virus, LaCrosse encephalitis virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus, and dengue.
On the basis of the patients' clinical and travel history, tests were performed for serologic evidence of the following: West Nile virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, yellow fever virus, dengue virus, eastern equine encephalitis virus, western equine encephalitis virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus, Powassan virus, La Crosse virus, and tick-borne encephalitis virus.
WNV is a member of the Culex-transmitted clade of flavivirus (which also includes Japanese encephalitis virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus, and Murray Valley encephalitis virus) whose reservoir is birds (1).

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