emerging infectious disease

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emerging infectious disease

Any previously unknown communicable illness or any previously controlled contagion whose incidence and prevalence are suddenly rising. In recent years, some emerging (and re-emerging) infections have been bovine spongiform encephalopathy (mad cow disease), Ebola hemorrhagic fever, cholera, plague, hemolytic uremic syndrome caused by Escherichia coli 0157:H7, drug-resistant strains of enterococcus, the human immunodeficiency virus, SARS, and antibiotic-resistant organisms, among many others.
References in periodicals archive ?
It would have been useful to have expanded discussion, or perhaps added chapters, on zoonotic agents and their role in emerging infectious diseases, as well as additional information on the general principles of disease surveillance, and prevention and control approaches.
Emerging infectious diseases (EID) cause a heavy toll on mortalities morbidities and economy, particularly in the developing and underdeveloped regions.
Long-term plans for the Get Ready campaign, which is awaiting grant funding, call for grassroots activities, toolkits, community partnerships, preparedness surveys and a calculator that will help people determine what supplies they will need to get ready for pandemic flu and other emerging infectious diseases.
The center will also aim to further strengthen the capacity of the Guangdong laboratory to detect emerging infectious diseases, including influenza, the statement said.
All four are part of the 15 faculty comprising UTSA's new South Texas Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases and, with other researchers, will be targeting additional critical areas of human health, including anthrax, tularemia, cholera, Lyme disease, and other parasitic and fungal diseases.
While traditional public and primary health measures played a key role in eventually halting the spread of SARS, and will be central in combating other emerging infectious diseases, clinical response in primary and secondary/tertiary care an important lesson played a central role in preventing or halting the spread of infection.
However, a study scheduled to appear in the April 2004 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases by researchers from the U.
GAO was asked to examine the preparedness of state and local public health agencies and hospitals for responding to a large-scale infectious disease outbreak and the relationship of federal and state planning for an influenza pandemic to preparedness for emerging infectious diseases.
The third part of the book effectively tackles special issues related to emerging infectious diseases, such as cancer, chronic diseases, bioterrorism, cultural and behavioral aspects of transmission and infection, and considerations for the future.
Dr Peter Daszak, from the University of Georgia's Institute of Ecology, said: "With a new wave of globalisation on an unprecedented level, we don't even know what the greatest threats are in terms of emerging infectious diseases of wildlife.
The purpose of this position paper is to review current information on the status of emerging infectious diseases with particular emphasis on the implications for environmental and public health.
The CDC, WHO and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) suddenly began focusing attention on emerging infectious diseases.

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