As noted above, "competition" qualifies as an emergent property
of the national economy.
What Kim presupposes when he makes use of his MP model to eliminate downward causation is that any emergent property
M or [M.sup.*] 'is totally dependent on' (Kim, 1999, p.
While Tocqueville did not use the term collaboration, his "principle of association" speaks to what Emery and Trist (1965) would identify as an "emergent property
" of relations between individuals and groups.
For example, it is difficult to determine whether Romey's (1996) model provides the same amount of polarization as Huth and Wissel's (1992), because the former did not report that particular emergent property
. A related but more subtle problem is that no single paper has simultaneously presented indices at the individual, group, and population levels (Table 1).
To illustrate the distinction between an inherited and an emergent property
, consider a computer.
Indianness is the key emergent property
of an Indian tribe.
Our investigation thus far, then, suggests that an emergent property
is best thought of as a (typically) simple, non-structural natural property that is exemplified by objects or systems that attain the appropriate level and kind of organizational complexity and that exerts a causal influence on the behavior of its possessor.
So the laws of physics remain true when an emergent property
is instantiated: the usual physical forces are present, and these physical forces are still additive in the usual way.
This trajectory is an emergent property
with its own rules of operation that are not predictable from the laws that govern the laminar flow of the wind, because the turbulence that governs the formation of the tornado is well-known form of chaotic dynamics that is defined by the fact that its behavior is not predictable from the laws of laminar flow.
Siegel (clinical psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles) explores the idea that "the mind emerges at the interface of interpersonal experience and the structure and function of the brain." His conception of mind has three fundamental premises: mind is an embodied and relational process regulating information and energy within and between brains, mind is an emergent property
of the whole nervous system distributed in the body, and the maturation of the nervous system and brain are determined by interpersonal relationships.
The interaction of the three factors equals leverage for learning in a "flat world." From a systems perspective, Asa Hilliard's "Sba" (deep thought) may be one emergent property
. On the one hand, power teaching becomes a way of creating scenarios about the future of Edward Waters College.
Consciousness is an emergent property
, not from a cell or a collection of cells, but as a process or function of a system which is composed of interchangeable parts.