Analogous results in the part of neutrino oscillations (with respect to electronic [v.sub.e], muon [v.sub.[mu]] and tau-neutrino [v.sub.[tau]] coming from the Sun) in the period 2001-2002 were obtained by the collaboration of Canadian scientists SNO with the help of underground neutrino detectors of

elementary particles, the capacitances of which were filled with heavy water, whose nuclei (deuterons) contained a weakly bound system of proton and neutron [14, 15].

A vacuum fluctuation was an even more remote possibility than the chances of a man-made

elementary particle destroying the Earth, said Dr Allanach.

The

Elementary Particles, at two-hundred-and-sixty-some pages, is clearly the more repulsive document.

For most of their history, these quantum anomalies were confined to the world of

elementary particle physics explored in huge accelerator laboratories such as Large Hadron Collider at CERN in Switzerland.

It was assumed that electrons accelerated in the accelerator of charged particles to speeds close to the speed of light in a vacuum, <<will>> through or the <<jump>> the said

elementary particles [6].

The particles are each made up of four quarks,

elementary particles known for their role as the building blocks of protons and neutrons.

Thus, every particle in nature is a union of

elementary particles underlying a graph embedded in space, where, a graph G is said to be embeddable into a topological space E if there is a 1-1 continuous mapping f : G [right arrow] E with f (p) [not equal to] f(q) if p [not equal to] q for [for all]p, q [member of] G, i.e., edges only intersect at end vertices in E.

Their topics include nano-universe expanding macro-universe from

elementary particles to dark matter and energy, non-classical properties of classical nanostructures, the self-assembly of porphyrin derivatives into architectures of two and three dimensions, functional supramolecular systems controlled by light, and nanochips for mass spectrometry and applications in biomedical research.

of Technology, Goteborg, Sweden), chemical physics deals with the quantum mechanical behavior of the

elementary particles, atoms, and molecules.

With the LHC due to restart only in November at CERN near Geneva, Switzerland, the Tevatron has been gaining ground in the search for the Higgs, the particle thought to give mass to other

elementary particles.

Gell-Mann received the Nobel Prize in physics in 1969 for "his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of

elementary particles and their interactions." His "eightfold way" theory brought order to the chaos created by the discovery of some 100 particles in the atom's nucleus.

of Munich, Germany) explains

elementary particles, specifically the discoveries of scientists concerning electrons and atomic nuclei, the quantum properties of atoms and particles, quarks, particle accelerators, quantum electrodynamics and chromodynamics, mesons and baryons, electroweak interactions, and grand unification.