Electrolytes


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Electrolytes

Salts and minerals that can conduct electrical impulses in the body. Common human electrolytes are sodium chloride, potassium, calcium, and sodium bicarbonate. Electrolytes control the fluid balance of the body and are important in muscle contraction, energy generation, and almost every major biochemical reaction in the body.

electrolytes

substances in solution in the ionized state, carrying an electrical charge (anions negative, cations positive). Applies to those in the body fluids, where dissociated sodium chloride is the major electrolyte in extracellular fluids (Na+and Cl-), and potassium (K+), with organic anions, in intracellular fluids. Other physiologically important cations are calcium and magnesium, and the anions bicarbonate and phosphate. Normal electrolyte concentrations are essential for normal cellular function. Movements of ions are crucial in the maintenance of potential differences across cell membranes and, for example, in the generation and transmission of nervous impulses, neuromuscular and synaptic transmission, and all secretory function. See also minerals; appendix 4.3 .

electrolytes (ē·lekˑ·trō·lītsˈ),

n.pl the ionized salts present in body fluids that play an important role in functioning of the human body. Electrolyte levels in blood plasma and urine are often used as diagnostic tools.
Electrolytes.Normal electrolyte content of body fluids*
Extracellular
Electrolytes (anions and cations)Intravascular (mEq/L)Interstitial (mEq/L)Intracellular (mEq/L)
Sodium (Na+)14214615
Potassium (K+)55150
Calcium (Ca++)532
Magnesium (Mg++)2127
Chloride (Cl)1021141
Bicarbonate (HCO3)273010
Protein (Prot)16163
Phosphate (HPO4=)22100
Sulfate (SO4=)1120
Organic acids580
References in periodicals archive ?
com)-- Wildcat Discovery Technologies, a technology company using high throughput methods to develop improved battery materials, is pleased to announce the discovery of its new SuperFilm[TM] electrolyte technology enabling superior electrode SEI film-forming properties.
Figure 4 shows the conductivity-temperature ([sigma]-T) relationship of PAA-g-PEG and PAA-g-PEG/PANI gel electrolytes.
This should offer long term, seamless monitoring of electrolytes once consolidated into a wrist-worn device and commercialized into a real product.
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To investigate the influence of the electrolyte composition on the breakdown voltage, the V - t curves for the MAO process of the AZ91D alloy in two different electrolytes (without and with addition of Ce[Cl.
The common use of electrolytes in both human and equine endurance athletes has led to the idea that electrolytes and water must be given together.
Ube has since expanded sales of functional electrolytes, which improve battery performance by combining high-purity electrolytes with additives.
To ensure a good blind microvia filling, it is quite common that the copper ion concentration in blind microvia filling electrolytes is significantly higher in comparison to other copper electrolytes for PCB production.
Such cells can be used in electrodepositing to determine continuously the concentration of galvanic electrolyte (Gutt, 2010); with the aim of automatic adjustment for the components in galvanic bath concentration without the possibility to determine the current and energy efficiency, without the possibility to determine the material and energy balance and without possibility to determine the process productivity according to specific working parameters (Gutt, 2010).
SDK will utilize APD's new electrolyte salt in combination with SDK's proprietary liquid electrolyte technology, aiming to soon commercialize next-generation formulated liquid electrolytes for LIBs.

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