electrolyte imbalance


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imbalance

 [im-bal´ans]
1. dysequilibrium (def. 2).
2. lack of balance; especially lack of balance between muscles, as in insufficiency of ocular muscles.
autonomic imbalance defective coordination between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems, especially with respect to vasomotor activities.
electrolyte imbalance serum concentrations of an electrolyte that are either higher or lower than normal; see discussion and table under electrolyte.
fluid volume imbalance abnormally decreased or increased fluid volume or rapid shift from one compartment of body fluid to another. See also deficient fluid volume and excess fluid volume.
risk for fluid volume imbalance a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as being at risk for a decrease, increase, or rapid shift from one to the other of intravascular, interstitial, and/or intracellular fluid; this refers to body fluid loss, gain, or both. See also deficient fluid volume and excess fluid volume.
sympathetic imbalance vagotonia.
vasomotor imbalance autonomic imbalance.

electrolyte imbalance

Critical care A general term for a derangement of major electrolytes–Na+, K+, chloride; thus defined, EI is common; in practice, EIs are only of interest if they cause clinical disease

e·lec·tro·lyte im·bal·ance

(ē-lektrō-līt im-baĺăns)
Physiologic disorder in which there are fewer or more than normal levels of serum electrolytes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Table-III: Morbidity profile and length of stay in PICU among patients with and without electrolyte imbalance.
Newer techniques, such as bipolar resectoscopes and uaporizing of tissue instead of resection, have caused reduction in absorption of fluid and hence electrolyte imbalance. Therefore, routine monitoring of fluid absorption has been abandoned in many hospitals.
Strategies to manage fluid and electrolyte imbalances occur across the life span and should involve education, medication review, accurate intake and output measurements and recordings, and fluid and electrolyte replacement.
A study conducted in India showed hyponatraemia (13.33%) and Hypokalaemia (8.33%) to be the most common electrolyte imbalances in children with severe malnutrition even without diarrhoea, which further aggravates the situation.
According to severity of the hepatic encephalopathy, infection and electrolyte imbalance still the main precipitating factors in all grade of encephalopathy.
"Salt corrects the electrolyte imbalance in the system," she adds.
In the high-risk patient population - patients prone to severe electrolyte imbalance - this hazardous situation is likely to lead to serious, life-threatening adverse health consequences.
Doctors don't yet know what caused Baker's collapse, but Keys-Baker, who is in Corvallis, told the Jackson County Floridian doctors told her it wasn't because of a blood clot, arterial blockage, or any known heart condition, with dehydration causing an electrolyte imbalance leading to an arrhythmia the most likely explanation.
They include environmental injuries, toxicological cases, animal bites, sexually transmitted infections, pediatric cases, trauma in the elderly, infectious diseases, medical errors, burns, chemical injuries, electrical injuries, water and electrolyte imbalance, disaster management, triage techniques, and mock trials to train health care workers in managing mass casualty incidents.
If you feel dizzy, suffer headaches and nausea it means you are suffering from an electrolyte imbalance. This condition has to be stabilised immediately," says Ajay Chaturvedi, a Dubai-based emergency medical instructor.

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