used normal human muscles and applied electrical stimulation
for an extended period of time, which is difficult to compare with studies using spastic muscles.
Estimating eight nerve survival by electrical stimulation
. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1983; 92: 19-25.
Therapeutic application of electrical stimulation
and constraint induced movement therapy in perinatal brachial plexus injury: A case report.
Quiroz-Mercado, "The effect of transcorneal electrical stimulation
in visual acuity: Retinitis pigmentosa," Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, vol.
No abnormalities were observed 24 hours after electrical stimulation
. Both inflammatory and apoptotic effects of the electrical stimulation
were examined by double immunofluorescence staining for caspase-3 and COX-2.
Chen, "Gastric electrical stimulation
with long pulses in humans and animals: can data obtained in animals be replicated in humans?," Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface, vol.
Regarding functional independence scores in ICU discharge, both the neurological and nonneurological subjects presented significant improvements in their Functional Status Scores in the ICU when an electrical stimulation
was performed in the quadriceps (p = 0.020 and p = 0.013, resp.).
The brain-computer interface extracts information from the brain signals about what movements he intends to make, then passes the information to command the electrical stimulation
The global electrical stimulation
devices market report provides market size (Revenue USD Million 2013 to 2020), market share and forecasts growth trends (CAGR%, 2016 to 2020).
The exercise only group (n=35, mean age 64.2 yrs) performed the prescribed strength and endurance training program without using electrical stimulation
. The exercise plus electrical stimulation
group (n=42, mean age 65.3 yrs) performed the same strength and endurance training program with electrical stimulation
This electrical stimulation
increased cardiomyocyte connectivity and the regularity of muscle contraction.
Physical exercise or electrical stimulation
act as a mechanical stimulus (37), which promotes a physical disturbance to the cells, which is transformed into a variety of chemical signals intra- and extracellularly.