electric charge

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electric charge

The state of any particle or body on which the there is an imbalance between electrons and protons. An excess of electrons causes a negative charge; a deficiency of electrons causes a positive charge. Electric charge, ELECTRIC FORCE and ELECTRIC POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE are fundamental to much of physiology.
References in periodicals archive ?
This process, referred to as "singlet fission," can improve organic solar cell efficiency by converting energy from sunlight to electrical charges more quickly.
Yong Zhou, Ph.D., first author and assistant professor of integrative biology and pharmacology at UTHealth Medical School, said, "Our results may finally account for a long-standing but unexplained observation that many cancer cells actively try to reduce their electrical charge."
That how much electrical charge your joints contain powerfully determines their water content, provides such an example.
By shining light to activate a specific type of neuron and monitoring the stem cells with an electrode, Song's team showed that one of the three types of neurons tested transmitted a signal to the stem cells causing a change in electrical charge in the stem cells.
The result is that each individual microchannel within the plate can be turned on sequentially, as fast as the electrical charge can permeate the circuit.
The rubber film stores a small amount of electrical charge, but the amount of charge varies with the thickness of the layer.
"In the sole of the Wellington boot there's a thermocouple and if you apply heat to one side of the thermocouple and cold to the other side it generates an electrical charge," Pain said.
PREE is developing a device that converts inbound wireless LAN waves and solar energy into an electrical charge powerful enough to keep smartphones charged.
"This is evident with our latest development at Calthorpe House where we will be installing an electrical charge point for the car.
Activeion Pro works by applying a slight electrical charge to tap water inside the bottle.
It has been shown that using electrical charge is a simple and effective way to avoid adherence of particles to a housing wall.
The pores are produced by stretching a preform made from the raw material blend and an electrical charge. The additive comprises a POS(S) chemical, at least part of which is in agglomerates.