The reef manta ray Mobula alfredi, is a large, pelagic elasmobranch
(disc width up to 5 m) found in tropical and subtropical waters of the Indo-Pacific Oceans, often associated with coastlines and coral or rocky reef habitats.
The drugs used for immersion anesthesia for elasmobranchs
are the following: benzocaine, etomidate, metomidate, halothane-oxygen-nitrous oxide, oxygen, quinaldine and tricaine methane sulfonate (MS-222) (Stamper, 2004; Stamper, 2007).
as living resources: advance in the biology, ecology, systematics, and the status of the fisheries (H.
Intrinsic Rates of Increase in Pelagic Elasmobranchs
, In Sharks of the Open Ocean, edited by M.
Systematics of myliobatoid elasmobranchs
: with emphasis on the phylogeny and historical biogeography of neotropical freshwater stingrays (Potamotrygonidae: Rajiformes).
A 5-year-old female Cownose (Rhinoptera bonasus) was managed in Oceanarium, the large scale exhibition area of Aquaria in Kuala Lumpur (KLCC) with over 40 species of elasmobranchs
and teleost fish.
Interrelationships of living elasmobranchs
. In: Greenwood, P.
In our study area, some of the bottom-dwelling or bottom-oriented species most likely to respond to energized cables are the elasmobranchs
: the sharks, skates, and rays.
Manta rays are an iconic flagship species: for me they're one of the main representatives of the elasmobranchs
, which include sharks and rays.
It is important to note that, in the depth ranges we surveyed, both benthic elasmobranchs
(sharks, skates, and rays) and chimaerids (ratfishes) are common in southern California waters [17,18].
Age determination of elasmobranchs
presents unique challenges compared to that of teleosts.
Spiny dogfish belong to the Squalidae family, that are unique among elasmobranchs
as they usually have well-calcified dorsal spines that can be used for age estimation (Kaganovskaia, 1933; Templeman, 1944; Probatov, 1957; Holden and Meadows, 1962; Ketchen, 1975; Beamish and McFarlane, 1985; Rice et al., 2009).