Eisenmenger syndrome

Ei·sen·men·ger syn·drome

(ī'zĕn-men-gĕr),
cardiac failure with significant right-to-left shunt producing cyanosis due to higher pressure on the right side of the shunt. Usually due to the Eisenmenger complex, a ventricular septal defect with right ventricular hypertrophy and dilatation, severe pulmonary hypertension, and frequent straddling of the defect by a misplaced aortic root.

Ei·sen·men·ger syn·drome

(ī'zĕn-meng'ĕr sin'drōm)
Cardiac failure with significant right-to-left shunt producing cyanosis due to higher pressure on the right side of the shunt.

Eisenmenger syndrome

A congenital heart anomaly featuring a ‘hole in the heart’ (septal defect) or an unclosed DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS associated with serious changes in the lung blood vessels causing increased resistance to the passage of blood. Early surgical treatment of heart holes or patent ductus arteriosus may prevent the secondary lung changes from developing. (Victor Eisenmenger, 1864–1932, German physician).

Eisenmenger,

Victor, German physician, 1864-1932.
Eisenmenger complex - the combination of ventricular septal defect with pulmonary hypertension and consequent right-to-left shunt through the defect, with or without an associated overriding aorta. Synonym(s): Eisenmenger defect; Eisenmenger disease; Eisenmenger tetralogy
Eisenmenger defect - Synonym(s): Eisenmenger complex
Eisenmenger disease - Synonym(s): Eisenmenger complex
Eisenmenger syndrome - cardiac failure usually due to the Eisenmenger complex, a ventricular septal defect.
Eisenmenger tetralogy - Synonym(s): Eisenmenger complex
References in periodicals archive ?
Cyanotic congenital heart (all forms), Double-outlet ventricle, Eisenmenger syndrome, Mitral Atresia, Single ventricle
Should the disease progress without any medical or surgical intervention, the left-to-right shunt could convert into a right-to-left one, namely Eisenmenger syndrome. Another instance of development of a right-to-left shunt is Reverse Lutembacher syndrome, in which an additional cardiac anomaly i.e.
Eisenmenger syndrome may develop at large PDA's missed during childhood period.
Switzerland-based Actelion has failed to meet its primary goal in a Phase III study assessing the company's macitentan in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) due to Eisenmenger Syndrome, it was reported yesterday.
Mechanism Examples Impaired capillary Raynaud's phenomenon, acrocyanosis, blood flow peripheral vascular disease, Eisenmenger syndrome, circulatory shock, hypothermia Increased glycolysis Leukemia, polycythemia vera Hyperviscosity Plasma cell dyscrasias, for example, multiple myeloma, monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance, Waldenstrom macroglobulinaemia Medication Ascorbic acid, dopamine, mannitol, acetaminophen Preanalytic factors Delay in separation of plasma from formed blood contents
Eisenmenger syndrome refers to reversal of shunt and central cyanosis due to pulmonary hypertension induced by congenital heart disease associated with a large systemic-to-pulmonary shunt.
Radford, "Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy in eisenmenger syndrome," Congenital Heart Disease, vol.
Hassager, "Pulmonary artery dissection in a patient with Eisenmenger syndrome treated with heart and lung transplantation," European Journal of Echocardiography, vol.
(6) Both a 22-year old man who received anesthesia for a repeated craniotomy to repair a chronic brain abscess and a 50-year-old woman anesthetized for emergency laparotomy presented with complex cyanotic congenital heart disease, further complicated by the presence of Eisenmenger syndrome. (7,8)
Pulmonary thrombosis in adults with Eisenmenger syndrome. J Amer Coll Cardiol.
Further evidence of the benefits of pulmonary vasodilators in Eisenmenger syndrome was provided in a prospective openlabel study of sildenafil in 84 patients (45).