Eimeria


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Related to Eimeria: Coccidia

Eimeria

(ī-mēr'ē-ă),
A coccidian parasite that affects mammals, fish, and poultry; abbreviated taxonomy: Eukaryota; Alveolata; Apiocomplexa; Coccidia; Eimeriida; Eimeriidae. Sporozoites that invasde intestinal mucosa cause diarrhea, hemorrhage, tenesmus, dehydroation, weight loss, and in advanced states, emaciation. Sheep, goats, poultry, cattle, and rabbits are most affected clinically. There are four sporocysts per sporulated oocyst, two sporozoites per sporocyst. Pathogenic species include E. bovis, E. zuernii in cattle, E. ovina in sheep, E. tenella, E. necatrix, E. acervulina, and E. brunetti in poultry. Eimeria sp. are not parasitic for dogs or cats. E. sardinae of herring and tuna was previously thought to be a human parasite but is found in human feces only as a result of having eaten infected fish. Not all Eimeria sp. are pathogenic; pathogenic strains vary in their pathogenicity.
[Gustave H. T. Eimer, Germany, 1843-1898]

Eimeria

/Ei·me·ria/ (i-mēr´e-ah) a genus of protozoa (order Eucoccidiida) found in the epithelial cells of humans and animals.

Eimer,

Gustav Heinrich Theodor, German zoologist, 1843-1898.
Eimeria - the largest, most economically important, and most widespread genus of the coccidial protozoa (family Eimeriidae, class Sporozoea).

Eimeria

a genus of protozoan parasites in the family Eimeriidae. There are many species (see below), mostly in birds and herbivores. They are the principal cause of coccidiosis, which also has other causes. See cystoisospora, isospora, tyzzeria, wenyonella.
Commonly listed Eimeria spp. and their hosts are listed below:
E. abramovi—wild duck, geese; E. acervulina—domestic poultry, quail; E. adenoides—turkey; E. ahsata—sheep, goats; E. alabamensis—cattle; E. alijevi—goats; E. alpacae—llama, alpaca; E. anatis—mallard, domestic duck; E. ankarensis—water buffalo; E. anseris—domestic geese, wild geese; E. aspheronica—goats; E. arkhari—sheep, goats; E. arloingi—sheep, goats; E. auburnensis—cattle; E. augusta—grouse; E. aurata—fish; E. azerbaidschanica—water buffalo.
E. bactriani—one- and two-humped camel; E. bakuensis—sheep; E. bareillyi—water buffalo; E. battakhi—domestic duck; E. bombaynsis—zebu cattle; E. bonasae—grouse; E. boschadis—wild duck, geese; E. bovis—cattle, zebu, water buffalo; E. brantae—wild duck, geese; E. brasiliensis—cattle, zebu, water buffalo; E. brinkmanni—rock ptarmigan; E. brunetti—domestic poultry; E. bucephalae—wild duck, geese; E. bukidnonensis—cattle, zebu, buffalo.
E. cameli—one- and two-humped camels; E. canadensis—domestic cattle, zebu, bison, water buffalo; E. canis—dogs and cats; E. caprina—goats; E. caprovina—goats; E. carinii—rats; E. carpelli—fish; E. caviae—guinea pig; E. cerdonis—pig; E. christenseni—domestic goat; E. christianseni—mute swan; E. clarkei—lesser snow goose; E. coecicola—rabbit; E. colchici—pheasant; E. columbae—pigeon; E. columbarum—rock dove; E. coturnicus—quail; E. crandallis—domestic sheep, small wild ruminants; E. cylindrica—domestic cattle, zebu, water buffalo; E. cyprini—fish.
E. danailovi—mallard; E. danielle—domestic sheep; E. debliecki—pig; E. dispersa—turkey; E. dolichotis—Patagonian cavy; E. dromedarii—one- and two-humped camels.
E. ellipsoidalis—domestic cattle, zebu, Euro-pean bison, water buffalo; E. elongata—domestic rabbit; E. exigua—rabbit, Greenland hare.
E. falciformis—mouse; E. fanthami—rock ptarmigan; E. farri—white fronted goose; E. faurei—sheep, small wild ruminants; E. ferrisi—mouse; E. fulva—wild geese.
E. gallopavonis—turkey; E. gilruthi—sheep, goats; E. gokaki—buffalo; E. gonzalei—sheep; E. gorakhpuri—guinea fowl; E. granulosa—domestic and wild sheep; E. grenieri—guinea fowl; E. guevarai—pig.
E. hagani—poultry; E. hasei—rats; E. hawkinsi—sheep, goats; E. hermani—wild geese; E. hindlei—mouse; E. hirci—goats.
E. illinoisensis—cattle; E. innocua—turkey; E. intestinalis—rabbit; E. intricata—sheep, wild small ruminants; E. irresidua—rabbit, jackrabbit.
E. jolchijevi—goats; E. keilini—mouse; E. kocharli—goats; E. kofoidi—partridge; E. koganae—wild duck, geese; E. kosti—cattle; E. kotlani—domestic geese; E. krijgsmanni—mouse.
E. labbeana—pigeon; E. lagopodi—ptarmigan; E. lamae—alpaca; E. langeroni—pheasant; E. leuckarti—horse; E. lyruri—partridge.
E. macusaniensis—llama, alpaca; E. magna—rabbit, hare; E. magnalabia—wild geese; E. mandali—peafowl; E. marsica—sheep; E. matsubayashii—domestic rabbit; E. maxima—poultry; E. mayurai—peafowl; E. media—domestic and wild rabbit; E. megalostromata—pheasant; E. meleagridis—turkey; E. meleagrimitis—domestic turkey; E. mitis—poultry; E. mivati—domestic fowl; E. miyairii—rat; E. mundaragi—cattle, zebu; E. musculi—mouse.
E. nadsoni—grouse; E. nagpurensis—rabbit; E. necatrix—domestic fowl; E. neodebliecki—pig, wild pig; E. neoleporis—rabbit; E. nieschultzi—rat; E. ninakohlyakimovae—sheep, goats and small wild ruminants; E. nocens—domestic and wild geese; E. nochti—rat; E. norvegicus—rat; E. numida—guinea fowl.
E. ovina—domestic sheep, small wild ruminants; E. ovoidalis—buffalo.
E. pacifica—pheasant; E. pallida—domestic sheep and goats; E. parva—domestic sheep and goats, small wild ruminants; E. parvula—gooses; E. pavonina—peafowl; E. pavonis—peafowl; E. pelleryi—bactrian camel; E. pellita—cattle; E. perforans—rabbit, hare; E. perminuta—pig; E. peruviana—llama; E. phasiani—pheasant; E. piriformis—domestic rabbit; E. polita—pig; E. porci—pig; E. praecox—poultry; E. procera—partridge; E. punctata—sheep; E. punoensis—alpaca.
E. rajasthani—dromedary; E. ratti—rat.
E. saitamae—duck; E. scabra—domestic and wild pig; E. schachdagica—duck; E. schueffneri—mouse; E. scrofae—pig; E. separata—rat; E. solipedum—horse; E. somateriae—wild duck; E. spinosa—pig; E. stiedai—rabbit, hare; E. stigmosa—domestic goose; E. striata—wild goose; E. subepithelialis—carp; E. subrotunda—turkey; E. subspherica—cattle, zebu, water buffalo; E. suis—domestic pig.
E. tenella—domestic poultry; E. tetricis—grouse; E. thianethi—buffalo; E. tropicalis—pigeon; E. truncata—domestic and wild goose; E. truttae—salmon.
E. uniungulati—horse, mule; E. weybridgensis—sheep; E. wyomingensis—cattle, zebu, water buffalo; E. zuernii—cattle, zebu, water buffalo.
References in periodicals archive ?
The challenge was achieved on day 15 by a mixture of sporulated oocysts of pathogenic strains of Eimeria by live oocysts CoccivacA(r)-D (contains live oocysts of Eimeria acervulina, Eimeria mivati, Eimeria maxima, Eimeria tenella, Eimeria necatrix, Eimeria praecox, Eimeria brunette and Eimeria hagani.
Our previous studies showed that immunization of broilers at day 18 of embryogenesis with the Eimeria recombinant profilin protein induced protection against post-hatch challenge infection with live parasites [19,20].
These findings suggest that the beta-glucans derived from wheat may have immunomodulatory and therapeutic effects against Eimeria infection in chickens.
Por lo general, en areas donde los camelidos son criados al pastoreo en forma tecnificada y sin contacto con otras especies domesticas, se pueden evidenciar altas prevalencias de Eimeria spp, a diferencia de la crianza mixta, en la cual pueden hallarse multiples especies parasitarias que son compartidas con otras especies domesticas (Cebra et al, 2014).
Los ooquistes en las heces fueron identificados como del genero Eimeria.
Es interesante destacar que los becerros mantenidos en cunas no presentaron parasitacion por ningun helminto, mientras que se detecto Eimeria spp.
ELISA was employed in the assessment of potency of sporozoite vaccine because of it's high sensitivity and specificity in the detection of antisporozoite antibodies of Eimeria species in vaccination programmes (CONSTANTINOIU et al.
There may be some crossover in certain Eimeria species between sheep and goats.
Los huevos y ooquistes presentes en materia fecal pertenecieron a los generos Nematodirus, Trichuris, Capillaria, Strongyloides, Moniezia y Eimeria (Figs.
These parasites, which belong to the genus Eimeria, live and multiply in the intestinal tract and cause tissue damage that hinders the bird's ability to digest feed and absorb nutrients.