** 12 gram-negative bacteria including Enterobacter cloacae (two), Eikenella
corrodens, Escherichia coli, Leclercia spp., Moraxella catarrhalis, Serratia marcescens, Sphingomonas paucimobilis, unspecified gram-negative rods (three), unspecified anaerobic gram-negative cocci; 10 gram-positive bacteria including Actinomyces spp.
The 10 species identified by the ParoCheck10[R] microarray detection system were as follows: The red complex: Porphyromonasgingivalis, Tannerella forsythia and Treponema denticola; the orange complex: Campylobacter rectus, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Parvimonas micra and Prevotella intermedia; the green complex: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Eikenella
corrodens; the blue complex: Actinomyces viscosus (12).
Microorganisms inhabiting the oral cavity, such as Treponema denticola, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Porphyromonas endodontalis, Prevotella intermedia, Bacteroides loescheii, Enterobacteriaceae, Tannerella forsythensis, Centipeda periodontii, Eikenella
corrodens, and Fusobacterium nucleatum,11 interact with these sulfur-containing substances, and so produce volatile sulfide compounds (VSC), especially hydrogen sulfide (H S), methyl mercaptan (CH SH), and dimethylsulfide [(CH3)2S].12 These VSC are considered as the main sources of intra-oral OM.8
ICG displayed a strong adhesion to bacterial membranes (Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Tannerella forsythia, Camphylobacter recta, Eikenella
corrodens and Treponema denticola) and demonstrated bactericidal effect when activated by a diode laser (19-21).
Additionally, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Prevotella species, Eikenella
corrodens, Peptostreptococcus micros, and Campylobacter rectus are increased in deep periodontal pockets and are implicated as possible periodontopathogens.
The proportions of most of these pathogens, as well as Campylobacter rectus and Eikenella
corrodens, increased at the disease sites of obese patients compared to those of normal weight.
There are many species related with oral infections recoded by different studies like Campylobacter rectus, Prevotella intermedia, Bacteroides forsythus,, Actinobacillus actinomycetem-comitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis Eubacterium species, Fusobacterium nucleatum also Eikenella
corrodens, and Peptostreptococcus micros.
Some other microorganisms associated with Lemierre's syndrome include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Eikenella
corrodens, Porphyromonas asaccharolytica, and Bacteroides.
Over 50 species of bacteria have been identified in the oral flora as well, including Streptococcus species, staph aureus, Eikenella
corrodens, and Fusobacterium nucleatum and thus human bite wounds can result in polymicrobial infections including fulminant necrotizing fasciitis that can require aggressive management [3, 4].
Others are facultative anaerobes such as Capnocytophaga, Eikenella
, Neisseria, among others.
Besides other bacteria like Porphyromonas gingivalis, Campylobacter rectus, Eikenella
corrodens, and Capnocytophaga sp.
von Graevenitz, "Actinobacillus, capnocytophaga, eikenella
, kingella, pasteurella, and other fastidious or rarely encountered gram-negative rods," in Manual of Clinical Microbiology, pp.