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(īk′män′, āk′-), Christiaan 1858-1930.
Dutch hygienist and pathologist. He shared a 1929 Nobel Prize for his discovery of the nutrient, later called vitamin B1 or thiamine, that relieves beriberi.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Pratomo); Eijkman Institute for Molecular Biology, Jakarta (I.M.
Eijkman had been fortunate: The chickens had contracted beriberi, the same disease he was studying.
When these trace substances became known as vitamins a few years later, Hopkins was given credit for having helped give rise to the vitamin concept, so that he and Eijkman shared the Nobel Prize in medicine and physiology in 1929.
Eijkman, "Perturbing Line Pictures for Identification of Visual Features and Their Syntax," Perception 13 (1984):675-686.
Author affiliations: Eijkman Institute for Molecular Biology, Jakarta, Indonesia (R.T.
Christian Eijkman shared a 1929 Nobel Prize "for his discovery of the antineuritic vitamin." His extensive studies on chickens and prison inmates on the island of Java in the 1890s helped establish a white rice diet as a cause of beriberi, and the rice coating as a remedy.
Since the work of Eijkman on beriberi (see 1896), bio-chemists had discovered a number of vitamins that, like the vitamin B that cured beriberi, were water-soluble and contained rings made up of carbon and nitrogen molecules.
Eijkman M.A.J.: Oral health care in young people insured by a health insurance fund TNO, 2000
Thiamine (also known as vitamin B-1) is the name given to the vitamin that prevents beriberi, and whose existence had come to be suspected as a result of Eijkman's work (see 1896).