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(īk′män′, āk′-), Christiaan 1858-1930.
Dutch hygienist and pathologist. He shared a 1929 Nobel Prize for his discovery of the nutrient, later called vitamin B1 or thiamine, that relieves beriberi.
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Eijkman had been fortunate: The chickens had contracted beriberi, the same disease he was studying.
Things moved pretty slow in those days, and it wasn't until 1900 that a Dutch medical officer, Cristiaan Eijkman, studied beriberi in East Indian prison camps, and found that people who ate polished rice got beriberi.
Christian Eijkman shared a 1929 Nobel Prize "for his discovery of the antineuritic vitamin.