Eijkman


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Eijk·man

(īk′män′, āk′-), Christiaan 1858-1930.
Dutch hygienist and pathologist. He shared a 1929 Nobel Prize for his discovery of the nutrient, later called vitamin B1 or thiamine, that relieves beriberi.
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Eijkman had been fortunate: The chickens had contracted beriberi, the same disease he was studying.
Discovering that a temporary kitchen helper had fed the chickens plain white rice like that served to the hospital patients gave Eijkman a vital clue.
When these trace substances became known as vitamins a few years later, Hopkins was given credit for having helped give rise to the vitamin concept, so that he and Eijkman shared the Nobel Prize in medicine and physiology in 1929.
Eijkman, "Perturbing Line Pictures for Identification of Visual Features and Their Syntax," Perception 13 (1984):675-686.
Berdsen M, Eijkman MAJ, Hoogstraten J: Compliance perceived by Dutch periodontists and hygienists.
3), a chemist, regarded the Eijkman factor in beriberi as a definite organic chemical substance, one of several whose inclusion in trace amounts in an otherwise adequate diet was responsible for the cure or prevention of deficiency diseases such as beriberi, scurvy, rickets, and pellagra.
As for Hopkins, he was knighted in 1925 and in 1929 shared the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with Eijkman "for their discovery of the growth-stimulating vitamins.
The necessity of vitamins in the diet had been recognized since the work of Eijkman (see 1896).
A Dutch physician, Christiaan Eijkman (1858-1930), who had gone to the East Indies to study the disease, was nonplussed.