Egoistic Suicide


Also found in: Encyclopedia.
Suicide resulting from the lack of social ties
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects can be psychopathological or specific (completed suicide, attempted suicide, suicidal blackmail) or social and nonspecific (egoistic suicide, altruistic suicide, anomic suicide).
"Anomic" suicides occur when "the scale is upset" and "results from man's activities lacking [sufficient] regulation and his consequent sufferings." Durkheim concludes: "This and egoistic suicide have kindred ties.
Failed belongingness corresponds to Durkheim's category of low social integration, which can lead to egoistic suicide in Durkheim's scheme.
The third type egoistic suicide, stemming from excessive individualism is rarely applicable.
The rate is high when the degree of social integration, i.e., the extent to which members of the society are bound together in social relationships is very low (leading to egoistic suicide) or very high (leading to altruistic suicide).
Taking into account Emile Durkheim's classification of the suicidal acts, the suicide of the young man who was in love and unrequited is an "egoistic suicide."
Especially among men, such ties can create moral bonds and feelings of obligation that strengthen integration and prevent egoistic suicides. Weaver's own case studies from the New Zealand dataset support Durkheim's central proposition that marriage significantly lowers suicide rates among men, an advantage which married women do not enjoy.
(104) Of course, given the reality of social statistics, the reported number of anomic and egoistic suicides would always be significantly greater than altruistic suicides.