Egas Moniz


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E·gas Mo·niz

(ĕ-gäs′ mô-nēsh′), Antonio de 1874-1955.
Portuguese neurologist. He shared a Nobel Prize (1949) for advances in brain surgery.
References in periodicals archive ?
Researcher on Egas Moniz Multidisciplinary Research Centre in Health Psychology.
Historians of psychiatry agree that Egas Moniz never read about Burckhardt's treatment.
Branco, the principal investigator and chief of rheumatology at the Hospital Egas Moniz, Lisbon.
Following the experience of psychiatrist Egas Moniz in Portugal, they had given frontal lobotomies to six patients.
In defending many of the controversial psychologists and their experiments, Slater takes some daring stances--such as saying that Antonio Egas Moniz, who plucked subjects from mental wards to try out his new procedure, the lobotomy, "gave us a way out of pharmacology," for which we should thank him.
Portuguese neurologist Egas Moniz, developer of the lobotomy, thought that mental illness resulted from fixed thought patterns and that "to cure these patients we must destroy the more or less fixed arrangements of cellular connections that exist in the brain." Moniz won the Nobel Prize for his innovation.
Turning to medicine, suffice it to say that Antonio Egas Moniz was awarded the prize, in 1949, for performing leucotomies by banging an ice pick through the patient's eye socket, and wrenching it from side to side to sever their frontal lobes.
Constructed around the six-month period during which the helmers lived alongside an engaging group of people on prescribed medication for personality problems, and set largely in the hospital in Catalonia where they live, pic is the loosely told tale of their preparations for a low-key theater production based on the life of Portuguese neurologist Egas Moniz. After traveling to London in the '30s and seeing a vicious monkey (Becky) calmed by having the centrallobe of her brain removed, Moniz decided that the technique would work on people, too.