Edwards syndrome

(redirected from Edward Syndrome)
Also found in: Dictionary.

tri·so·my 18 syn·drome

a chromosomal disorder that is usually fatal within 2-3 years; characterized by mental retardation, abnormal skull shape, low-set and malformed ears, small mandible, cardiac defects, short sternum, diaphragmatic or inguinal hernia, Meckel diverticulum, abnormal flexion of fingers, and dermatoglyphic anomalies.
Synonym(s): Edwards syndrome

tri·so·my 18 syn·drome

a chromosomal disorder that is usually fatal within 2-3 years; characterized by mental retardation, abnormal skull shape, low-set and malformed ears, small mandible, cardiac defects, short sternum, diaphragmatic or inguinal hernia, Meckel diverticulum, abnormal flexion of fingers, and dermatoglyphic anomalies.
Synonym(s): Edwards syndrome

Edwards syndrome

Edwards syndrome

Trisomy 18, see there.

Ed·wards syn·drome

(ed'wărdz sin'drōm)
Trisomy in Group E chromosomes (16-18); second in incidence to trisomy 21 (i.e., Down syndrome) in frequency. Findings include mental retardation, congenital heart disease, spina bifida, and esophageal and biliary atresia. Affected patients generally die within 2 years of birth.

Edwards’ syndrome

a human genetical abnormality in which there are multiple congenital malformations: elongated skull, low-set ears, webbed neck, severe mental retardation. The condition is caused by TRISOMY of chromosome 18 and, like DOWN'S SYNDROME, is related to maternal age; 90% of cases die in the first six months after birth.

Edwards,

James Hilton, English physician and medical geneticist, 1928–.
Edwards Personal Preferences Schedule - personality inventory test.
Edwards syndrome - characterized by mental retardation, abnormal skull shape, low-set and malformed ears, small mandible, cardiac defects, short sternum, diaphragmatic or inguinal hernia, Meckel diverticulum, abnormal flexion of fingers, and dermatoglyphic anomalies. Synonym(s): trisomy 18 syndrome
References in periodicals archive ?
In Edward syndrome, the index finger characteristically overlaps the third while the fifth finger overlaps the fourth.
Differential diagnosis of these skeletal abnormalities includes thrombocytopenia absent radius syndrome, Roberts syndrome, thalidomide embryopathy, Fanconi anaemia and Edward syndrome.
Jayme Sloan told Stacey Chapman the test (called MaterniT21 PLUS) has a 99 percent detection rate--and that her three-month-old son had Edward syndrome. "Though Sloan offered additional testing to confirm the result, a distraught Chapman said she wanted to terminate the pregnancy immediately," Daley wrote.
Among these are Gaucher Disease, Maple Syrup Urine Disease, Pompe Disease, Galactosemia, Phenylketonuria, Methylmalonic Acidemia, Urea Cycle Defects, Hurler Syndrome, Hunter Syndrome, Prader-Willi Syndrome, Edward Syndrome, and Patau Syndrome.