refugee

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refugee

A person who:
(1) has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group;
(2) is outside the country he or she belongs to or normally resides in; and
(3) is unable or unwilling to return home for fear of persecution.

Refugees may include those fleeing from war or civil disturbance of any kind; a permutation is that of an ‘internally displaced’ person who moves within the borders of one country for the same reasons. The mortality rate of refugees is 60-fold greater than that of a similar non-displaced population; it is highest in children and is due to measles, diarrhoea-related illnesses, acute upper RTIs, malaria and is in part related to the virtually endemic protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies that characterise the refugee state; diarrhoea is the most common cause of death (36,000 children die/day of diarrhoea).

Refugees have been called the fourth world, and have included Afghans, Armenians, Bengalis, Biafrans, Bosnians, Cambodians, Chileans, Croats, Cubans, Czechoslovakians, Ethiopians, Hungarians, Iraqis, Laotians, Liberians, Palestinians, Russians, Rwandans, Serbs, Somalis, Vietnamese, and cross religious lines—Jews, Hindis, and Muslims Records.

In the UK, refugees are entitled to benefits.

refugee

A person fleeing danger or distress, esp. in times of war or political persecution.
References in periodicals archive ?
I've been pigeon-holed at different times and for different reasons into three categories: refugee, displaced person and economic migrant.
These measures will include not just a cap on the number of economic migrants, but also policies leading to expectation of full employment and continuity of income.
Many of those now crossing the Mediterranean and labeled economic migrants could arguably be survival migrants, fleeing fragile and failed states in Africa and the Middle East.
As for economic migrants, the West need not worry unduly.
CentreForum's National Insurance proposal would see PS2,000 paid upon entry to the UK by non-EU economic migrants only and refunded once they had made suf-ficient tax contributions, or left the country without claiming welfare.
While Israel acknowledges that some may be genuine refugees from war-torn countries, it has no system for registering them as refugees; most of the border crossers, Israel says, are economic migrants seeking work in Israel.
The Egypt-Israel border has become a major transit route for economic migrants, asylum-seekers and drug-smugglers.
Spokesman Jean-Philippe Chauzy said most of those stuck in Sebha are economic migrants from Chad, Libya's poor southern neighbour, and lack the money or health to cross the desert to get home.
Economic migrants as other foreign investors are disinterested in making investments in Macedonia and according to estimates this situation is likely to remain the same unless the business climate improves.
The book depicts the hardship of the economic migrants, their nostalgia and the generation gap.
Washington, Sep 01 (ANI): A new study by a sociologist has suggested that economic migrants seeking a 'better life' might end up being less happy.
But there will be more economic migrants from North African countries, where population levels are predicted to increase by more than 100m by 2050.