refugee

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refugee

A person who:
(1) has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group;
(2) is outside the country he or she belongs to or normally resides in; and
(3) is unable or unwilling to return home for fear of persecution.

Refugees may include those fleeing from war or civil disturbance of any kind; a permutation is that of an ‘internally displaced’ person who moves within the borders of one country for the same reasons. The mortality rate of refugees is 60-fold greater than that of a similar non-displaced population; it is highest in children and is due to measles, diarrhoea-related illnesses, acute upper RTIs, malaria and is in part related to the virtually endemic protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies that characterise the refugee state; diarrhoea is the most common cause of death (36,000 children die/day of diarrhoea).

Refugees have been called the fourth world, and have included Afghans, Armenians, Bengalis, Biafrans, Bosnians, Cambodians, Chileans, Croats, Cubans, Czechoslovakians, Ethiopians, Hungarians, Iraqis, Laotians, Liberians, Palestinians, Russians, Rwandans, Serbs, Somalis, Vietnamese, and cross religious lines—Jews, Hindis, and Muslims Records.

In the UK, refugees are entitled to benefits.

refugee

A person fleeing danger or distress, esp. in times of war or political persecution.
References in periodicals archive ?
economic migrants. Isn't Brexit therefore a case of shutting the stable door after the horse has bolted?
"Many economic migrants are engaged in contract labour and they provide flexible labour solutions for our local businesses," he said.
Many of those now crossing the Mediterranean and labeled economic migrants could arguably be survival migrants, fleeing fragile and failed states in Africa and the Middle East.
He also examined whether these economic migrants might have exaggerated expectations about what they will achieve and experience, such that there is some significant disappointment.
The Dutch Justice and Security Ministry, which oversees immigration policy, said it would not take in any migrants from Sea Watch until there was a long-term agreement on how to distinguish refugees from economic migrants.
It is totally irresponsible for anyone to advocate bringing into our country more unskilled economic migrants, when we have an estimated three million people, including children on our social housing waiting list.
Some are seeking refuge from armed conflicts, while many others, particularly from sub-Saharan Africa, are economic migrants likely to be found ineligible for asylum in Europe.
This could then possibly trigger a mass migration of economic migrants from the UK into Scotland.
European nations are keen to offer development aid and funding to their African partners in return for help in stemming the flow of economic migrants and asylum seekers.
WITH austerity cuts on going and with economic migrants being welcomed into the UK this could be placing a drain on our over stretched services such as health, education, social services and housing as the population increases.
With a slew of border closures in the European Union and its borders, refugees and economic migrants have increasingly looked to make the longer and more dangerous trip to Europe by traveling on small boats to from North Africa to Italy.