refugee

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refugee

A person who:
(1) has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group;
(2) is outside the country he or she belongs to or normally resides in; and
(3) is unable or unwilling to return home for fear of persecution.

Refugees may include those fleeing from war or civil disturbance of any kind; a permutation is that of an ‘internally displaced’ person who moves within the borders of one country for the same reasons. The mortality rate of refugees is 60-fold greater than that of a similar non-displaced population; it is highest in children and is due to measles, diarrhoea-related illnesses, acute upper RTIs, malaria and is in part related to the virtually endemic protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies that characterise the refugee state; diarrhoea is the most common cause of death (36,000 children die/day of diarrhoea).

Refugees have been called the fourth world, and have included Afghans, Armenians, Bengalis, Biafrans, Bosnians, Cambodians, Chileans, Croats, Cubans, Czechoslovakians, Ethiopians, Hungarians, Iraqis, Laotians, Liberians, Palestinians, Russians, Rwandans, Serbs, Somalis, Vietnamese, and cross religious lines—Jews, Hindis, and Muslims Records.

In the UK, refugees are entitled to benefits.

refugee

A person fleeing danger or distress, esp. in times of war or political persecution.
References in periodicals archive ?
Historically, these new arrivals, be they refugees, economic migrants or whatever, will always be judged by the host nation according to whichever category they fall into as well as differences in religion or skin colour.
Refugees, economic migrants, and survival migrants are all arriving on Europe's southern shores.
Many economic migrants are engaged in contract labour and they provide flexible labour solutions for our local businesses," he said.
As austerity has been ongoing for the last six painful years and further cuts are still to come up and beyond 2020, economic migrants have to be curbed and limited.
But the line between refugees and economic migrants blurs over time.
Middle Eastern refugees and economic migrants have not yet begun to switch their migration route from Greece to Italy, according to data from Italian authorities.
Tusk was careful to single out illegal economic migrants for possible deportation, not asylum-seekers.
Three other centres are planned for Samos, Leros and Kos for the reception and registration of economic migrants and war-zone refugees arriving across the Aegean Sea from Turkey.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Frans Timmermans, the first vice president of the European Commission, has said that 60 percent of so-called refugees arriving in the EU are economic migrants not fleeing persecution or warzones and are not entitled to asylum.
Many are economic migrants who do not qualify for asylum in Europe.
This should hopefully ensure undesirable elements are excluded as is not the case in Calais where economic migrants are seeking to enter our country illegally.
They were economic migrants put in danger by their father.