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1. A now defunct system of medicine that advocated use of indigenous plants to effect specific cures of certain signs and symptoms.
2. A system of medicine practiced by ancient Greek and Roman physicians who were not affiliated with a medical sect but who adopted the practice and teachings that they considered best from other systems.


Medical history—naturopathy
An American healthcare movement founded by Dr Wooster Beach (1794–1868) that was rooted in Thomsonianism, a contemporary herb-based therapeutic system. The legacies of the Eclectics include laboratory production of drugs and elimination of crude forms of thereof, and the admission of women and minorities to their professional schools. Eclecticism disappeared by the mid-20th century.


(ĕk-lĕk′tĭ-sĭzm) [″ + -ismos, state of]
A system of herbal medical practice popularized in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by Finley Ellingwood.