Echinococcus granulosus


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Echinococcus

 [e-ki″no-kok´us]
a genus of small tapeworms.
Echinococcus granulo´sus a species parasitic in dogs and wolves and occasionally in cats; its larvae may develop in nearly all mammals, forming hydatid cysts in the liver, lungs, kidneys, and other organs. It reverses the usual process of development in human and animal hosts: the adult is found in the intestine of dogs, whereas the larva develops in the human intestine, penetrates the intestinal wall, and settles in various organs, most often the liver, where it forms a cyst (hydatid cyst) that grows slowly. Treatment is by surgical removal of the cyst. This type of worm infection is fortunately not common in the United States.
Echinococcus multilocula´ris a species whose adult forms usually parasitize the fox and wild rodents, although humans are sporadically infected. It resembles E. granulosus, but the larvae form alveolar or multilocular rather than unilocular cysts.

E·chi·no·coc·cus gran·u·lo·'sus

hydatid tapeworm, a species in which adults infect canids and the larval form (osseous and unilocular hydatid cysts) infects sheep and other ruminants, pigs, and horses; may also occur in humans, giving rise to a large cyst in the liver or other organs and tissues.
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ECHINOCOCCUS GRANULOSUS CYSTS

Echinococcus granulosus

A species that infests dogs and other carnivores. Its hydatid (larva) develops in other mammals, including humans, and causes the formation of hydatid cysts in the liver or lungs. Synonym: dog tapeworm
See: illustration; hydatid
See also: Echinococcus
References in periodicals archive ?
KEY WORD: "Echinococcus granulosus"[Mesh]; "Echinococcus granu/osus/genetics"[Mesh]; " Echinococcus granu/osus/metabolism"[Mesh]; "Proteomics"[Mesh]; "Proteomics/methods"[Mesh].
Evidence that the Echinococcus granulosus G6 genotype has an affinity for the brain in humans.
Echinococcus granulosus (Taeniidae) and autochthonous echinococcosis in a North American horse.
Skjerve, "Distribution and intensity of Echinococcus granulosus infections in dogs in Moroto District, Uganda," Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol.
Baldi et al., "Cystic echinococcosis in South America: systematic review of species and genotypes of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato in humans and natural domestic hosts," Tropical Medicine & International Health, vol.
SDS-PAGE and IgG1 immunoblotting of the crude antigen of Echinococcus granulosus cyst fluid (EgCF).
Arc 5 antibodies insera of sheep infected with Echinococcus granulosus, Taenia hydatigena and Taeniaovis.
Echinococcosis is a parasitic disease caused by the larvae of Echinococcus granulosus [1].
Cyst hydatid disease is Echinococcus granulosus cestode larval phase infestation in tissues and it is a zoonotic parasitic disease that constitutes an important health problem in endemic regions like Turkey [11, 12].
As Echinococcus granulosus is common in Southeastern Turkey, an immunofluorescence assay was performed to check the patient's blood for antigens.