Ebola virus disease


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Ebola virus disease

[ēbō′lə]
Etymology: Ebola River District, Congo
an infection caused by a species of ribonucleic acid viruses of the Filovirus genus. There are four identified subtypes of Ebola virus: Côte d'Ivoire, Sudan, and Zaire, which have been associated with human disease, and Reston, which causes fatal hemorrhagic disease in nonhuman primates and originated in the Philippines. The usually lethal disease is characterized by hemorrhage and fever. The natural reservoir and method of transmission of primary infections are unknown, but secondary infection is by direct contact with infectious blood or other body secretions, in research settings, or by airborne particles. The incubation period ranges from 2 to 21 days. Initial symptoms include high fever, headache, chills, myalgia, sore throat, red itchy eyes, and malaise. Later symptoms include severe abdominal pain, chest pain, bleeding, shock, vomiting, and diarrhea. Maculopapular rash may occur in some patients. Treatment is supportive; in nearly 90% of cases, death occurs within 1 week. It is not known why some patients are able to recover from the Ebola virus while others are not, but the latter have no detectable immune response to the infection. The Ebola virus is related to the Marburg virus. Also called African hemorrhagic fever, Ebola hemorrhagic fever. See also Marburg virus disease.

Ebola virus disease

A severe infectious disease first described among laboratory workers in Marburg, West Germany and occurring later in the Sudan and Zaire. There is fever, muscle aching, diarrhoea, sore throat, an extensive rash, bleeding into the bowel and involvement of the brain and kidneys. The mortality may be over 90% in untreated cases and 25% in those given good supportive treatment.

Patient discussion about Ebola virus disease

Q. Ebola is serious I heard that Ebola is serious disease crapping out the inner lining of our intestines, the lining of our tongue peeling off, blood comming out of every hole in our body, including our nips. not too much fun. Could anyone tell me about the treatment for this. So this can educate me and other who read this.

A. Ebola is classified as a biosafety level 4 agent (EXTREME HAZARD-full precautions required, NO KNOWN vaccine/cure), as well as a Category A bioterrorism agent by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. and that's because it's highly violent and with no cure or vaccine.

More discussions about Ebola virus disease
References in periodicals archive ?
Post-exposure prophylaxis against Ebola virus disease with experimental antiviral agents: a case-series of health-care workers.
Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa--No Early End to the Outbreak.
The Ebola virus disease, previously known as the Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a severe illness in humans, often fatal, according to the WHO.
Ebola virus disease (EVD) or Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) is the human disease caused by the Ebola virus.
The 2014 outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) has exposed multiple weaknesses in the public healthcare delivery system (viz.
Ebola virus disease is not something which has appeared for the first time (almost twenty such outbreaks have already been reported starting from 1976), (4) and thus associating a known enemy with deaths of thousands of people (including doctors, nursing staff, outreach workers, laboratory personnel, etc.
the hospital response, he has asked the concerned division to develop short- term and long- term strategies for medical management of emerging diseases such as Ebola Virus Disease.
Communication campaigns should be conducted to inform travellers, airlines, shipping crews, staff working at points of entry, and health workers everywhere about the symptoms of Ebola virus disease and what to do if a person has symptoms.
26 to 29, showed 82 percent of respondents saying they are worried about the Ebola virus disease.
The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has reiterated that there should be no general ban on international travel or trade due to the Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa, citing the recommendations by the World Health Organization (WHO).
The World Health Organization (WHO) was first notified of a rapidly evolving outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Guinea on 23 March 2014.