H% is the soil moisture at time of earthworms
removal; [W.sub.m] is soil moist weight; [W.sub.d] is soil dry weight.
Nutrition Studies with Earthworms
. The American Biology Teacher, 42(9), 564-565.
Composting with earthworms
reduces C:N ratio and causes an increase in nitrogen content for better growth of plants (Gandhi et al., 1997; Crescent, 2003; Nagavallemma et al., 2004).
disappeared from most of northern North America 10,000 years ago, during the ice age.
and black soldier flies decompose the waste, adding fertility to the soil.
agrestis are also parthenogenic, yet conditions must be met for clitellate earthworms
to reproduce and for cocoons to hatch.
3 million for the earthworms
project without a needs assessment.Out of this, Sh2.5 million was for the supply of 1,000 eco-tosha materials for earthworms
and Sh1.8 million was spent on 600 plastic drums.
Therefore, in this paper we aimed to verify the effectiveness of sieves with different mesh sizes in retaining earthworm
chaetae, and provide some methodological recommendations for improving the precise assessment of the contribution of earthworms
to carnivore diets.
Several studies have reported that the bioactive compounds and antimicrobial properties of earthworms
can inhibit pathogenic bacteria.
In particular, earthworms
and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) have a major influence on soil physical properties and nutrient availability (Milleret et al.
Inspired by the empirical wisdom of traditional Eastern medicine, modern Japanese researchers started searching for active ingredients that could account for the observed properties of earthworms
. Finally, in 1983 Dr.
(Pfiffiner et al., 2014) as the earthworm
has significant effect on richness and porosity of soil (Wang et al., 2004).