Eagle syndrome

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Ea·gle syndrome

pain (usually pharyngeal) and inflammation (usually tonsillar) due to overlong styloid process or calcification about the stylohyoid ligament. Therapy is surgical.
[W.W. Eagle]
A rare condition in which an elongated styloid process— > 30mm—irritates adjacent anatomical structures, in particular the 11th cranial nerve. It is divided into the classic form—due to mechanics—and a vascular form in which the elongated styloid process compresses the extracranial internal carotid artery, when the head is turned, or the carotid artery dissects, evoking a transient ischaemic attack or stroke
Management Surgical—styloidectomy and carotid arterial repair if needed


W., 20th century U.S. otolaryngologist.
Eagle syndrome - facial pain due to an elongated styloid process.

Ea·gle syn·drome

(ēgĕl sindrōm)
Pain (usually pharyngeal) and inflammation (usually tonsillar) due to overlong styloid process or calcification.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Based on these findings, the patient was diagnosed with Eagle syndrome and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH).
3,4) Table 1 lists the key imaging and clinical features for Eagle syndrome and Table 2 lists the key imaging features of DISH.
The epidemiological incidence of eagle syndrome is variable in literature.
The eagle is landing, Eagle syndrome - an important differential diagnosis.
However, in further discussion he reported long-term mild dysphagia complaints likely related to Eagle syndrome.
Eagle Syndrome was first described in 1937 by Eagle as elongation of the styloid process causing pharyngeal pain, (1) and it is now thought to be an assemblage of symptoms resulting from elongation of the styloid process or progressive calcification of the stylohyoid ligament.
Eagle syndrome is a rare condition where elongated temporal styloid processes or calcified stylohyoid ligaments are in conflict with the adjacent anatomical structures giving rise to a complex range of symptoms including otalgia dysphagia foreign body sensation in throat pain along carotid artery distribution and others.
2,3) The exact pathophysiology of Eagle syndrome is unclear, although many theories exist.
INTRODUCTION: Eagle Syndrome (ES) is a rare syndrome characterized by a specific orofacial pain due to a calcified stylohyoid ligament or an elongated styloid process.
of the stylohyoid ligament, ruling out the possibility of Eagle syndrome.
We review the anatomy of the peristyloid structures and discuss the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of Eagle syndrome.
The transcervical surgical approach to resection in patients with elongated styloid processes and Eagle syndrome appears to be safe and effective, although the risk for transient marginal mandibular nerve weakness is notable.

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