ultraviolet light

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ultraviolet light

The segment of the electromagnetic spectrum between 200 and 400 nm, including photons emitted during electronic transition states. UV-C (200–290 nm) is damaging to DNA and amino acids, but is blocked in the stratospheric ozone layer; UV-B (290–320 nm) is partially blocked by the ozone layer; UV-A (320–400 nm) is the least dangerous, but may still be hazardous with photosensitising medications (e.g., tetracyclines, thiazides), and in patients with lupus erythematosus and light sensitivity disorders (e.g., porphyria). UV-A suppresses delayed cutaneous hypersensitivity, causes photoageing and reduces serum carotenoids; the accelerating depletion of the stratospheric ozone is implicated in the increased incidence of cataract, and melanomas.

UV light may also damage the less sensitive purines, causing spontaneous depurination, leaving a “naked” deoxyribose residue in the DNA (apurinic sites). Repair of UV-light-induced DNA damage is defective in chromosomal breakage syndromes (e.g., xeroderma pigmentosa and Bloom syndrome). The mutational effect of UV light is not due to direct DNA damage, but rather occurs during the error-prone process of DNA repair.

ultraviolet light

Ultraviolet radiation Physics The part of the invisible electromagnetic spectrum below violet, including photons emitted during electronic transition states Wavelength 100-400 nm Public health The electromagnetic spectrum between 200 nm and 400 nm which is emitted by the sun. See SPF, Sunscreen.
UV light types
UV-A Long wave, 'near' UV, black light; short wave UV-A–320–340 nm; long wave UV-A–340–400 nm; no UV-A absorbed by ozone layer
UV-B Middle UV, sunburn radiation UV-B–290–320 nm; most UV-B is absorbed by ozone layer
UV-C Short wave, far UV, germicidal radiation, ≤ 290 nm; absorbed by ozone layer; has no role in photobiology of natural sunlight

ultraviolet light

Electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelengths than visible light but longer wavelength than X-rays. Ultraviolet light is divided into three zones—UVA with wavelengths from 380 to 320 nanometres (billionth of a metre), UVB from 320 nm down to 290 nm and UVC from 290 nm down to one tenth of a nanometre. UVC and most of UVB are absorbed by the ozone layer in the earth's stratosphere. Ultraviolet light causes sunburning and damages the skin's elastic protein, collagen. It is also a major factor in the development of the skin cancers rodent ulcer (BASAL CELL CARCINOMA), MALIGNANT MELANOMA and SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA. It causes PINGUECULA and PTERYGIUM in the eyes.

ultraviolet light or ultraviolet radiation (UV)

a type of electromagnetic radiation beyond the wavelength of visible violet light, ranging from 18,000 to 33,000 nm (see ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM). UV light is not an ionizing radiation like X-RAYS and can only penetrate a few cells. However, it is used as a powerful MUTAGEN of microorganisms to cause the formation of thymine DIMERS in DNA, and can be harmful to the human RETINA. Some organisms can detect UV light (see ENTOMOPHILY). UV is a common cause of skin cancers; see MELANOMA.

Ultraviolet (UV) light

A portion of the light spectrum not visible to the eye. Two bands of the UV spectrum, UVA and UVB, are used to treat psoriasis and other skin diseases.

Patient discussion about ultraviolet light

Q. what does a sun block cream do? and what are a UV rays?

A. It blocks out harmful Ultra violet rays from the skin as the previous entries have related; however it can also block your ability to produce vitamin D. If you live in a northerly area or one that receives limited sunlight, its recommended to get at least 15 minutes of sun a day (this is probably best done with minimal sunblock) and according to personnal sun sensitivity. Another thing to keep in mind is that sunblock works best if applied 20 minutes before sun exposure.

More discussions about ultraviolet light
References in periodicals archive ?
To qualify EUV scanners in high volume manufacturing, device makers needed 250W of laser source power, explained Meng Lee, director of product marketing at Veeco, a process equipment supplier based in New York.
'It's also a connection to ultrafast technology, because some of the same sources using ultra dot pulse are used for EUV radiation.
Last May, Samsung introduced 7LPPEUV, its first semiconductor process technology to use an EUV lithography solution.It is anticipated thatEUV lithography deployment will break the barriers of Moore's law scaling, paving the way for single nanometer semiconductor technology generations.
ArF laser lithography had reached a limit on the patterning scale achievable, and though extreme ultraviolet (EUV) technology can resolve this in the future, this technology will not be viable for high-volume manufacturing for many years.
Segmentation by technology and analysis of - ArF Dry, ArF Immersion, KrF, EUV, and i-line
Photolithography (Equipment) Market by Type (i-line, KrF, ArF Dry, ArFi, and EUV), Light Source (Mercury Lamp, Excimer Laser, Fluorine Laser, and Laser Produced Plasma), Wavelength, and Region - Forecast to 2020
The redeveloped chemical toolbox allows a massively enhanced selectivity and addresses more blank types including EUV and high durable Phase Shifting Masks (HD PSM).
Extreme Ultra Violet (EUV) lithography is a developing semiconductor fabrication technology of great potential.
ISLAMABAD -- US Ambassador Richard Olson joined Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) Chairman Tariq Bajwa to mark the launch of the Pakistan Customs Service's End Use Verification (EUV) project, which would help customs monitor chemicals that are used both legally and illegally.
There twelve sessions will address the key issues in wafer processing - including roadblocks and breakthroughs - surrounding the development and adoption of new technologies in wafer processing including: New Device Architectures, EUV Technologies, Advanced Lithography, Nano Defect Detection and Metrology, and Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD); and Advanced Components and Subsystems.