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Examination under anesthesia, see there.


(eg-zam?i-na'shon) [L. examinatio, equipoise, balance, examination]
Inspection of the body to determine the presence or absence of disease. Examination has been proposed as an international replacement for test, testing, and analysis although each of these words is more common in professional literature.

examination under anesthesia

Abbreviation: EUA
Any operative or invasive procedure done while the patient is sedated, in order to improve patient tolerance, alleviate pain or anxiety, or improve the quality of the exam.

bimanual examination

See: pelvic examination

dental examination

The visual, digital, and radiographic inspection of the teeth and surrounding structures, including the head and neck. The depth of the gingival sulcus is also probed and measured around each tooth to assess the state of health of the periodontium. The examination is completed with a mirror, explorer, periodontal probe, and dental radiographs.

digital rectal examination

Abbreviation: DRE
Palpation of the anus, rectum, and prostate gland with a gloved finger, used in the diagnosis of intestinal bleeding, anorectal pain, and both benign and malignant diseases of the prostate.

Patient care

The patient should be positioned for comfort, e.g., in Sims position (lying on the left side with knees and hips comfortably flexed). A chaperone and/or a drape should be provided for patient safety, comfort, and dignity. After an explanation of the procedure to the patient, several mL of surgical lubricant are placed on the examiner's glove, usually on the index finger. The examiner visually inspects the anus and perineum, then places the gloved finger on the anal opening while asking the patient to bear down gently. After the finger enters the anus, it is used to sweep circumferentially around the interior of the distal intestine. It is then directed anteriorly (when examining a male patient) to evaluate the consistency, size, and nodularity of the prostate gland. Samples of stool obtained during the exam may be sent to the lab to test them for the presence of occult blood.

double-contrast examination

A radiographic examination in which a radiopaque and a radiolucent contrast medium are used simultaneously to visualize internal anatomy.

endoscopic examination

Direct visualization of an internal organ with a fiber-optic tube, often accompanied by biopsy of suspicious lesions.

Folstein Mini Mental Status Examination

See: Folstein Mini Mental Status Exam

laboratory examination

Examination by urinalysis, blood tests, microbiological cultures, and other tests of body fluids.

Mini-Mental State Examination

Abbreviation: MMSE
A common test to quantify a person's cognitive ability. It assesses orientation, registration, attention, calculation, and language. Scoring is from 0 to 30, with 30 indicating intact cognition.

multilingual aphasia examination

Abbreviation: MAE
A battery of tests to measure language abilities in patients with speech disturbances. It consists of 11 components, including the abilities to repeat a sentence, spell, read, understand spoken directions, identify objects depicted in drawings, and articulate clearly.
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pelvic examination

Physical examination of the vagina and adjacent organs. A speculum is used first to visualize anatomical structures. During speculum examination, cultures and Pap test specimens may be obtained. After the speculum is removed, the pelvic organs and rectum are examined manually by the examiner.
See: illustration

periodic health examination

A health screening examination performed on a scheduled or routine basis. The appropriate features of this examination depend on the patient's age, gender, and sometimes health history, family history, or employment status. Adult women should have periodic examinations that include Pap smears and mammography; professional pilots and truckers are screened periodically for visual impairment and hypertension. All adults over age 45 should be screened for diabetes mellitus. Patients with a personal history of cancer may be screened periodically for evidence of disease recurrence. For many patients, the periodic examination may include blood tests (e.g., to check levels of cholesterol and other lipids), immunological tests (e.g., health care workers are periodically screened for tuberculosis), or invasive examinations (e.g., sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy to look for colon cancer). Synonym: annual exam; periodic medical examination See: mammography; Papanicolaou test; table under cancer

periodic medical examination

Periodic health examination.

physical examination

Abbreviation: PEx
Examination of the body by auscultation, palpation, percussion, inspection, and olfaction.

radiological examination

Examination by various means of visualizing body spaces and organs and their functions, e.g., by computed tomography, fluoroscopy, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonography, or related techniques.

rapid trauma exam

Rapid trauma assessment.

rectoabdominal examination

Physical examination of the abdomen and rectum, e.g., to determine the cause of abdominal pain, or to identify guarding, internal bleeding or organ enlargement, masses, or tenderness.

examination under anesthesia

Abbreviation: EUA
Any operative or invasive procedure done while the patient is sedated, in order to improve patient tolerance, alleviate pain or anxiety, or improve the quality of the exam.
See also: examination


Abbrev. for
1. Examination under anaesthesia.
2. Evacuation under anaesthesia. This usage refers to the removal, by suction or dilatation and curettage (D AND C), of a dead fetus and its membranes from the womb (uterus). Also known as ERPC-evacuation of retained products of conception.
References in periodicals archive ?
Five respondents out of 42 stated that they have treated PW fractures that were determined to be stable on EUA but went on to subsequently dislocate.
Desde inicios de la decada una serie de factores estructurales y coyunturales habian afectado el dinamismo economico en la frontera norte, como fueron la crisis en la industria maquiladora y la politica de seguridad fronteriza de EUA a partir del atentado terrorista del 11 de septiembre de 2001.
Como resultado desta hegemonia "by default" (SMITH, 1996), ou seja, vista como natural e que afastaria os inimigos, a atencao dos EUA foi direcionada aos teatros estrategicos da Europa e da Asia, relegando a America Latina a negligencia, salvo interferencias.
Os EUA poderiam nao ser capazes de conter ou dissuadir os tipos de ameacas que emergiam na contemporaneidade, como as representadas por Estadosparias ou organizacoes terroristas armados com armas de destruicao em massa.
Issuance of an EUA is predicated on a Declaration of Emergency that justifies the authorization of the EUA by the secretary of HHS.
La relevancia de este ejercicio es que, la UE se perfila como la segunda red industrial mas importante a nivel mundial que, a diferencia de Japon con su muy limitado espacio geoeconomico, si tiene condiciones factibles para plausiblemente amenazar la hegemonia tecnologica de EUA (no son casuales, por ejemplo, los fuertes conflictos trasatlanticos en torno al financiamiento de Boeing [EUA] y Airbus [UE]).
En este contexto, las posibles guerras de los EUA con los paises arabes podrian revertirseles, ya que habria varios de ellos (no tocados) que desearan llevar a cabo arreglos con China.
The EUA enables all types of helicopters to be supported in missions using a single, standardised system," explains Dr.
No final de 2009, o anuncio do aumento de tropas dos EUA no Afeganistao, a realizacao da COP15, a ameaca do terrorismo, a postura nuclear do Ira e as avaliacoes sobre a crise economica mundial ganharam destaque nos noticiarios, deixando em segundo plano um evento que poderia, no ano do vigesimo aniversario da Queda do Muro de Berlim, ser considerado mais um dos diversos finais da Guerra Fria que se repetem desde 1989: o anuncio, por parte de EUA e Russia, no dia 05 de Dezembro, do cumprimento das metas do START I (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty), consolidando a reducao em seus 40% de seus arsenais nucleares.
EUA president Jean-Marc Rapp said on May 4: "EUA hopes that through the building of this new European Platform it can make a contribution to achieving the European policy goal of overcoming the fragmentation of research in this key field.
No entanto, a operacao foi mal-preparada, nao houve apoio militar explicito dos EUA, e a populacao local mostrou-se defensora do governo revolucionario.