The first group received ESWT
(Group 1, n=17) and the second group received LLLT (Group 2, n=17).
Data was collected including the indication for ESWT
treatment, laterality, patient demographics (age and gender), and the protocol used.
Anteroposterior and lateral plain radiographs were obtained before ESWT
; at 3, 6, and 12 months after ESWT
; and once a year subsequently.
on cultured MSCs was performed by an extracorporeal shock wave machine (Urontech, Hwaseong, Korea).
can be highly focused and can achieve a focal point beyond 10 centimeters into deeper tissues, depending on the treatment head used.
Thus, 80 patients satisfied the eligibility criteria and were randomized into two groups as ESWT
and KT groups (Figure 1).
Conclusion: Although low-energy ESWT
showed good early-term results, but middle-energy ESWT
protocol demonstrated better early-term, Mid-term, and late-term results.
During the ISWT and ESWT
, heart rate (HR) was measured by a heart rate monitor (Polar RS800CX, Finland), oxygen saturation (Sp[O.sub.2]), by a pulse oximeter (Rad-5v[TM], Masimo Corporation, USA), and level of dyspnoea, by the 0-10-category-ratio Borg scale .
, cells were harvested by centrifugation and washed 3 times with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS); then total protein in the cells was extracted and quantified as previously described .
Worth noting here is that like the studies done on OA patients, the research involving patellar tendinitis also used comparative interventions (ESWT
and dry needling) that lack high-quality evidence for their use.
Naturally, specialised training is required for certain treatments such as ESWT
but this is available to all registered Podiatrists as is Ultrasound both diagnostic and therapeutic.
Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT
) has been used to treat a variety of musculoskeletal disorders including plantar fasciitis.