The researchers found that among patients with ESRD
, EHEs correlated with elevated risk of same-day hospital admission and mortality (rate ratios, 1.27 [95 percent confidence interval (CI), 1.13 to 1.43] and 1.31 [95 percent CI, 1.01 to 1.70], respectively).
Of those, more than 726,000 have ESRD
, or kidney failure, and require dialysis treatment or an organ transplant to survive.1
African Americans are at greater risk of acquiring and suffering from complications related to ESRD
. Although the incidence of ESRD
is higher in African Americans, few studies focus primarily on African Americans and adherence.
There was a tendency to use much lower levels of ESAs and other injectable ESRD
drugs with PD, such that the average Medicare Allowable Payment per treatment for separately billable services was $52 lower for PD (Federal Register 2009).
The importance of the assessment of the HRQOL in children with ESRD
cannot be overemphasised as technological advances have made it possible to extend their duration of survival.
In addition to kidney disease, most CKD and ESRD
patients have multiple chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension or diabetes.
Moreover, children with ESRD
are at risk for underperforming academically, struggling socially, and experiencing adjustment difficulties and psychological stress, and children with ESRD
must follow restrictive dietary and fluid regimes and a lifecycle of recurrent dialysis and transplantation to sustain life.
Nonadherence to hemodialysis on the other hand remains a major obstacle in the management of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD
The observation period was from time of biopsy to first event, ESRD
, death, or the end of the study period 31 December 2012.
We report the case of an elderly gentleman with mRCC and ESRD
on dialysis who received second-line nivolumab therapy despite poor performance status and multiple comorbidities.
The observation period was from the time of biopsy to the first event, ESRD
, death, or end of 2012.
Renal Data System collects, analyzes, and distributes ESRD
clinical and claims data to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) (1).