This undue emphasis on the text based teaching of ESL
is a big obstacle for the successful teaching of spoken English.
In negotiating the agreement, the DON ActivIdentity ESL
team was able to secure discounts of between 58-83 percent off GSA prices, depending on the product.
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Possible Challenges/Solutions to Working with ESL
Students In Physical Education
In a Canadian study, Klesmer (1994) found that teachers overestimated the achievement of 12-year-old ESL
students on a set of reading, writing, speaking, and listening tasks.
students are expected to take this course alongside native speakers, though there is a more remedial writing course, titled "Introduction to College Writing," which can be taken before enrolling in this one.
Muriel Harris and Tony Silva write that "adult ESL
writers plan less, write with more difficulty (primarily due to a lack of lexical resources), reread what they have written less, and exhibit less facility in revising by ear, that is, in an intuitive manner--on the basis of what "sounds" right, than their NES peers" ("Tutoring" 529).
A survey conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics during the 1993-94 academic year found that approximately a third of schools enrolling LEP students offered both a bilingual and an ESL
program; 71 percent of LEP students attended one of these schools, Bilingual education programs were available at 36 percent of schools enrolling LEP students, while ESL
programs could be found at 85 percent of these schools.
We would love to expand, but we have reached the cap,'' said Lia Lerner, an ESL
The observations done for this study support the assumption that integrating reading and computers will improve the ESL
student reading skills.
Some of the firms that first considered electronic shelf labels quantified the payback of ESL
technology solely on the basis of labor and materials savings from eliminating paper shelf labels.
, a subsidiary of TRW based in Sunnyvale, Calif.