The additional cardiology tests are: | Blood Pressure Monitoring | Heart Rhythm Recording | Cardiac Computed Tomography (Cardiac CT) | Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Cardiac MRI) | Dobutamine Stress Echocardiogram (DSE) | Myocardial Perfusion Scanning | Diagnostic Angiography | Diagnostic Electrophysiology (EP Study
) | Trans Oesophageal Echocardiogram (TOE)
An invasive EP study
was conducted alongside 3D mapping which identified the source of this abnormal rhythm, and the area was then treated with radiofrequency energy.
The EP study
is available atwww.epc.eu/documents/uploads/pub_1265_working_away_at_the_cost_of_ageing.pdf
It is easy to understand why the union could feel threatened by the EP study
. For decades, it has dominated public education with its restrictive rules, inflexibility and interference with management rights.
After explaining the risks and benefits of EP study, including the risk of dislodgment of the IVC filter, consent was obtained from the patient.
In our case report, the filter had been placed 8 years prior to the EP study. We felt that the filter was in a stable position, and potential risk for migration or dislodgment was low.
Other diagnostic tests, such as ambulatory electrocardiography, TT test, EP study
, or external loop recorder, are sometimes inconclusive because of the infrequency of the event that caused the syncope.
Ferreira asserts that reprocessing diagnostic EP catheters represents an average savings of $300 - $500 per EP study
, freeing up resources that can be allocated to other areas throughout the hospital enterprise including patient care, staff, research or equipment.
These figures are taken up in an EP study
published in 2010.
"The vast majority of the world's refugees are hosted by neighbouring countries." In 2007, more than 80% of refugees remained within their region of origin and "Europe only hosted 14% of the world's refugees or people in refugee-like situations," ie "one asylum seeker per more than 2,200 European inhabitants," states the EP study
. The 200-page text examines the costs related to asylum assumed by the member states and possibilities of sharing these costs in the EU.