cream may be the first choice of the doctors when addressing paediatric pain management, it is not used in all hospitals because it requires time to take effect.
Demographic data were comparable between the EMLA
cream group and the vapocoolant spray group.
Depth and duration of skin analgesia to needle insertion after topical application of EMLA
On the initiative of the EMLA
, the Roundtable between the representatives of Estonian film producers, copyright organizations, ministries, and libraries was held on 30 May.
cream was applied at the research site before the phlebotomy procedure.
In literature, the use of pacifiers, breast milk, sweet solutions and all non- pharmacological methods (swinging, skin touch, presence of parents) were recommended during venous procedures, arterial blood collection, heel sticks and removal of sticking plaster procedures.2 Kangaroo care,5,14- 17 pacifiers and sweet solutions,6,9 skin touch, swaddling, holding in arms and positioning11,12 were shown to have analgesic effects during heel stick procedures, while the use of combined oral sucrose and EMLA
showed analgesic effects during venous procedures24 in newborns.
Use of the topical anaesthetic EMLA
could add $20 to the cost of the immunisation and may not be feasible to use in a busy clinic, due to the minimum application period of 60 minutes.
Kutlu, "Enhancement of dorsal random-pattern skin flap survival in rats with topical lidocaine and prilocaine (EMLA
): enhancement of flap survival by EMLA
," Journal of Surgical Research, vol.
"About a decade ago, some urologists started to prescribe EMLA
, a prescription topical anesthetic that achieves a eutectic formula, and somewhat better absorption, with the combination of lidocaine and prilocaine," said Dr.
Agar, 54, of Allan Road, Newbiggin-by-the-Sea, Northumberland.
In our institution, children are not routinely premedicated before anaesthesia, and intravenous cannulation is performed after EMLA
cream is applied for 60 min, allowing sufficient time for it to have an effect.