Table 4 shows that in the multiple choice test, there were not big differences in the percentages among the three levels: 36% for E99, 34% for E101 and 28% for E102
The University of Southampton study of six colourings - E102
(tartrazine); E104 (quinoline yellow); E110 (sunset yellow); E122 (carmoisine); E124 (ponceau 4R) and E129 (allura red) - together with the preservative E211 (sodium benzoate) - was the largest of its kind and found that children given a cocktail of additives behaved impulsively and lost concentration.
, tartrazine, a yellow dye used in ice-cream and fish sticks.
Additives that may cause hyperactivity:Food additives What: E102
- Tartrazine Where: Found in soft drinks, ice cream, sweets, fish fingers, cakes and biscuits Effect: A synthetic yellow azo dye when consumed in conjunction with benzoic acid it appears to cause hyperactivity in children.
PROCESSED A tin of processed marrowfat peas has only a trace or no vitamin C, half a gram of salt, added colourings E102
and E133, added sugar and added flavouring.
However, bookmaker betting was down from E497,307 to E430, 419 while the Tote Aggregate of E77,856 was down on the 2004 figure of E102
They include E102
(Tartrazine), E110 (Sunset Yellow), E120 (Cochineal), E129 (Allura Red), E133 (Brilliant Blue), E220 (Sulphur dioxide), E210 (Benzoic acid) and E251 (Sodium nitrate).
Tartrazine An azo (synthetic organic) dye with a strong yellow colour, found in squashes and fizzy drinks, marzipan and piccalilli sauce.
of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, E102
Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211 USA.
Orange drinks and orange-coloured foods may contain the colouring E102
or tartrazine can trigger asthma in some people.