major depressive disorder

(redirected from Dysphoric mood)
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major depressive disorder

 
a mood disorder characterized by the occurrence of one or more major depressive epsiodes and the absence of any history of manic, mixed, or hypomanic episodes.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

major depressive disorder

1. Synonym(s): major depression
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

major depressive disorder

or

major depression

The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

major depressive disorder

A chronic, relapsing illness affecting 3–6% of the population at a given time.
 
Lifetime risk
10–15%; it is linked to a high (10%–20%) rate of suicide, and high morbidity when compared with other medical illness.
 
Statistics
Taiwan, 1.5%; Korea, 3%; Puerto Rico, 4.3%; US, 5%; New Zealand, 12%; France, 16.4%; Lebanon, 19%.

Other findings
Positive dexamethasone test, sleep changes (e.g., decreased REM latency).

Major depressive disorder, five or more criteria
• Decreased appetite or loss of weight;
• Decreased concentration; 
• Decreased interest-in pleasurable activities;
• Dysphoric mood—sad, anxious, irritable; 
• Fatigue or decreased energy;
• Guilt or excessive self-blame;
• Psychomotor retardation or agitation;
• Sleep disturbances; 
• Suicidal ideation or suicidal attempt. 
 
DiffDx
AIDS, acute intermittent porphyria, amphetamine withdrawal, CA, endocrine disease (e.g., Addision’s disease, Cushing’s disease), hypothyroidism, infectious mononucleosis, influenza, malnutrition, multiple sclerosis, drugs (e.g., alpha-methyldopa, benzodiazepines, cimetidine, clonidine, corticosteroids, INH, OCs, propranolol, reserpine, thiazide diuretics).
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

major depressive disorder

Psychiatry A chronic, relapsing illness affecting 3–6% of the population at a given time Lifetime risk 10–15%; it is linked to a high–10% to 20% rate of suicide, and high morbidity when compared with other medical illness Statistics, Intl, low Taiwan 1.5%, Korea 3%, Puerto Rico 4.3%, US 5% High Lebanon 19%, France 16.4%, New Zealand 12% Other findings Positive dexamethasone test, sleep changes–eg, ↓ REM latency DiffDx AIDS, acute intermittent porphyria, amphetamine withdrawal, CA, endocrine disease–eg, Addision's disease, Cushing's disease, hypothyroidism, infectious mononucleosis, influenza, malnutrition, multiple sclerosis, drugs–eg, alpha-methyldopa, benzodiazepines, cimetidine, clonidine, corticosteroids, INH, OCs, propranolol, reserpine, thiazide diuretics
Major depressive disorder, 5 or more criteria
appetite or loss of weight
concentration
• Dysphoric mood Sad, anxious, irritable
• Fatigue or decreased energy
• Guilt or excessive self blame
interest in pleasurable activities
• Psychomotor retardation or agitation
• Sleep disturbances
• Suicidal ideation or suicidal attempt  AMN  16/9/96, p17
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

ma·jor de·pres·sion

, major depressive disorder (mājŏr dĕ-preshŭn, dĕ-presiv dis-ōrdĕr)
Mental illness characterized by sustained depression of mood, anhedonia, sleep and appetite disturbances, and feelings of worthlessness, guilt, and hopelessness. Also called clinical depression.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Major depressive disorder

A mood disorder characterized by profound feelings of sadness or despair.
Mentioned in: Conduct Disorder
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

ma·jor de·pres·sion

, major depressive disorder (mājŏr dĕ-preshŭn, dĕ-presiv dis-ōrdĕr)
Mental disorder characterized by sustained depression of mood, anhedonia, sleep and appetite disturbances, and feelings of worthlessness, guilt, and hopelessness.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about major depressive disorder

Q. What is MDD? I have heard this term on the radio referring to general depression, however I wanted to know what exactly is MDD.

A. A friend I made through this service refered me to the NIMH. They have a very nice website for the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) full of accurate descriptions of all the kinds of depression and other mental illnesses.

http://www.nimh.nih.gov/



Under their Health and Outreach tab at:
http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/index.shtml

Click on Depression which brings you to
http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/depression/index.shtml

and keep reading


Major depressive disorder, also called major depression, is characterized by a combination of symptoms that interfere with a person's ability to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy once–pleasurable activities. Major depression is disabling and prevents a person from functioning normally. An episode of major depression may occur only once in a person's lifetime, but more often, it recurs throughout a person's life.

http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/depression/what-is-a-depressive-disorder.shtml

Q. I like to know the signs of serious major depression in women? I am lecturer in a college who is very approachable to students. If you take the top 10 lectures in the college the students will vote me first. Though I am proud of it I am not jealous. One of the clubs chose me as the best lecturer of the year and wanted me to send to another country for a special training in their own expense. Now I am here in this training which lasts for 6 more months. First week I fell home sick without seeing my students and got depressed and moreover I could not CONCENTRATE in the training and COULD NOT SLEEP. I like to know the signs of serious major depression in women?

A. If I wish if I am a student then I like to get trained under you. I am jealous of your students. The symptoms of depression in women are the same as those for major depression.
Common complaints include:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iUTv_A2vUrI&eurl=http://www.imedix.com/health_community/viUTv%5EA2vUrI_final_stages_major_depression_can?q=major%20depression&feature=player_embedded
• Depressed mood Loss of interest or pleasure in activities you used to enjoy
• Feelings of guilt, hopelessness and worthlessness
• Suicidal thoughts or recurrent thoughts of death
• Sleep disturbance (sleeping more or sleeping less)
• Appetite and weight changes
• Difficulty concentrating
• Lack of energy and fatigue

More discussions about major depressive disorder
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References in periodicals archive ?
Based on patient endorsement of questions that directly addressed feelings commonly associated with demoralization among hospitalized patients (e.g., dysphoric mood, helplessness, hopelessness, sense of letting self or others down), cases were classified as demoralized or non-demoralized.
MBCT thereby understands the key maintenance intervention to be learning to be less reactive to dysphoric moods.
In the befuddled atmosphere of their dysphoric mood, borderline persons often experience their own self as dim and fuzzy, and feel deprived of a defined identity and unable to steadily be involved in a given life project or social role.
In our sample, this code type was often associated with the 4-6 configuration (characterial V) which presents characteristics of anger, hostility, passive-aggressive style, and dysphoric mood, often in association with mistrust, suspiciousness, interpersonal sensitivity, and a tendency toward persecutory ideation in response to stressful situations.
For the sub scale of Dysphoric Mood the r= .811, for Anhedonia / Negative Affect r= .718, for Negative Self-Evaluation r = .830 and for Somatic Complaints r = .870 (all are significant at .001 level of significance).
"Although they can initially increase the sense of alertness, euphoria and concentration, their initial effect is commonly associated with a following irritability, dysphoric mood, difficulty in recalling, disturbed sleep and appetite, as well as tolerance, i.e., a need for markedly increased amounts of the stimulant to achieve the previously desired effect." He adds that Al-Amal Hospital used to receive a lot of amphetamine addicts either in outpatient or in inpatient departments.
He reported a severe continuous dysphoric mood that would improve for very short durations following cathinone ingestion.
The notion that memory-questonnaires tap aspects of well-being is shown by its close relationship to dysphoric mood and depressive disorder.
* Withdrawal, as manifested by a dysphoric mood, anxiety, irritability, and boredom after several days without Internet activity.
The primary purpose of this study, therefore, was to provide an initial investigation into the possible role that differing levels of experiential avoidance might play in participant responses to experimentally induced dysphoric mood. Given that depression is often referred to as "the common cold" of psychological disorders (Pilgrim & Bentall, 1999), it seemed useful to complement and extend research on experiential avoidance by determining if the AAQ.
* Gambles as a way of escaping from problems or of relieving a dysphoric mood (e.g., feelings of helplessness, guilt, anxiety, depression).
TABLE Definition of Female Androgen Insufficiency Syndrome * Decreased libido, sexual receptivity, and pleasure Low energy and persistent, unexplained fatigue Dysphoric mood Diminished psychological well-being Blunted motivation Bone density Muscle mass and strength Adipose tissue redistribution Sexual hair Changes in cognition or memory * Based on the pattern of clinical symptoms and signs in the presence of decreased bioavailable testosterone and normal estrogen status.